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The three enzymes glucokinase (EC 2.7.1.2), fructokinase (EC 2.7.1.4) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49) were isolated in high yield from extracts of Zymomonas mobilis. The principal steps in the isolation procedures involved the use of selected dye-ligand adsorbent columns, with affinity elution of two of the three enzymes. Glucokinase and(More)
Bovine corneal aldehyde dehydrogenase was purified to homogeneity and characterized with aldehyde substrates at pH 7.4. The enzyme was a dimer with a subunit size of 65 kDa. Using kcat/Km values as an indication of substrate efficacy, aldehyde products of lipid peroxidation were recognized as the likely 'natural' substrates. Protein yields from enzyme(More)
Alcohol dehydrogenase isozymes from mouse liver (A2 and B2) and stomach (C2) tissues have been purified to homogeneity using triazine-dye affinity chromatography. The enzymes are dimers with similar but distinct subunit sizes, as determined by SDS/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: A, 43000; B, 39000, and C, 47000. Zinc analyses and 1,10-phenanthroline(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase isozymes (AHD-1 and AHD-5) have been isolated in a highly purified state from extracts of mouse liver mitochondria. The enzymes have distinct subunit sizes, as determined by SDS/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: AHD-1, 63,000; AHD-5, 49,000. Gel exclusion chromatography, using sephadex G-200, indicated that both isozymes are dimers,(More)
In mammals, dihydroorotase is part of a trifunctional protein, dihydroorotate synthetase, which catalyzes the first three reactions of de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis. Dihydroorotase catalyzes the formation of a peptide-like bond between the terminal ureido nitrogen and the beta-carboxyl group of N-carbamyl-L-aspartate to yield heterocyclic(More)
The major isozyme of aldehyde dehydrogenase in mouse stomach, AHD-4, has been purified to homogeneity and characterized with a range of aldehyde substrates at pH 7.4. The enzyme was a dimer with a subunit size of 65 kDa. Using V/Km values as an indication of substrate efficacy, aromatic aldehydes were the preferred substrates. The enzyme used either NAD+ or(More)
Liver cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenases (AHD-2) have been isolated in a highly purified state from "alcohol-drinking" (C57BL/6J) and "alcohol-avoiding" (DBA/2J) strains of mice. The purified enzymes were resolved into three major and one minor form of activity by isoelectric focusing (IEF) techniques and showed similar zymogram patterns. The enzymes had(More)