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During 1975 twenty-six bereaved spouses took part in a detailed prospective investigation of the effects of severe stress on the immune system. T and B cell numbers and function, and hormone concentrations were studied approximately 2 weeks after bereavement and 6 weeks thereafter. The response to phytohaemagglutinin was significantly depressed in the(More)
Lymph node and peripheral blood lymphocytes were studied simultaneously for surface markers of T and B cells in 22 patients with lymphoproliferative diseases and 8 patients with non-neoplastic lymphadenopathy. This resulted in the classification of the malignancy from involved lymph nodes into 4 groups. Six patients had B cell lymphomata with normal or(More)
In evaluating immune aberrations in patients with alpha 1 antitrypsin (alpha 1 AT) deficiency, we have previously shown that they exhibit enhanced lymphocyte responsiveness to PHA that is serum mediated. In this study, we demonstrate suppression of the PHA response by using purified alpha 1 AT, and also similar but less marked suppression of the Con A(More)
The association between alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) deficiency and a number of immune mediated diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, anterior uveitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and asthma suggests that alpha 1-AT may be important not only as an anti-inflammatory protein but also as an immune regulator. That the relationship between decreased(More)
Severe panniculitis of the Weber-Christian type occurred in two brothers, both with marked alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) deficiency and phenotype PiZZ. Studies of inflammatory and immunologic function were undertaken in these two patients as well as in a third brother with severe alpha 1-AT deficiency but without Weber-Christian disease. The findings of(More)
The effect of acute and prolonged three week administration of prednisolone and ACTH on the numbers and function of T- and B-lymphocyte subpopulations in patients requiring corticosteroid therapy was studied. Prednisolone caused severe reduction in E-rosette-forming lymphocytes, phytohaemagglutinin response, EAC-rosette-forming lymphocytes and(More)
alpha 1 antitrypsin (alpha 1 AT) deficiency is a common genetic disorder seen in about 10% of the population. It predisposes to the development of a large number of inflammatory and immunologic disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile chronic arthritis, anterior uveitis, ankylosing spondylitis, fibrosing alveolitis(More)
The aim of this study was to predict episodes of rejection or infection in heart transplant recipients by monitoring serum interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) levels, rather than by endomyocardial biopsy. The shedding of IL-2R from activated lymphocytes results in increased serum interleukin-2 levels and is probably a result of immune activation occurring in(More)
BACKGROUND The "International consensus statement on testing and reporting antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)" advocates screening by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF), but external quality assessment programmes often demonstrate different IIF patterns for a single serum. AIM To determine whether the variation in IIF patterns can be attributed(More)