E Liisa Laakso

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OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate how local pain relief is mediated by laser therapy and how dose affects the relationship. METHODS Inflammation was induced in the hind-paws of Wistar rats. Two groups of rats received 780-nm laser therapy (Spectra-Medics Pty Ltd.) at one of two doses (2.5 and 1 J/cm(2)). One group acted as a control. Scores of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this review was to systematically identify experimental studies of non-ablative laser irradiation (LI) on peripheral nerve morphology, physiology, and function. The findings were then evaluated with special reference to the neurophysiology of pain and implications for the analgesic effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT). (More)
Based on indicators that emerged from The First Physical Therapy Summit on Global Health (2007), the Second Summit (2011) identified themes to inform a global physical therapy action plan to integrate health promotion into practice across the World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) regions. Working questions were: (1) how well is health promotion(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the effects of different doses (J/cm(2)) of laser phototherapy at wavelengths of either 780, 830, or 904 nm on human breast carcinoma, melanoma, and immortalized human mammary epithelial cell lines in vitro. In addition, we examined whether laser irradiation would malignantly transform the murine fibroblast NIH3T3 cell line. (More)
Zealand Schools of Physiotherapy described tensions created in entry-level physiotherapy programs by the need to achieve more within the constraints imposed by limited time and resources (Crosbie et al 2002). At its simplest, the argument was that curricula content has increased, expectations of entry level physiotherapists are higher and contemporary(More)
Major studies have shown that flutists report playing-related pain in the neck, middle/upper back, shoulders, wrists, and hands. The current survey was designed to establish the injury concerns of flute players and teachers of all backgrounds, as well as their knowledge and awareness of injury prevention and management. Questions addressed a range of issues(More)
Soft tissue pitting is the occurrence of a temporary indentation on the body surface after the release of sustained thumb or finger pressure. In the management of lymphedema, presence or absence of pitting can contribute to clinical reasoning and guide healthcare management. However, the pitting test and its application has not been described consistently(More)
This study aimed to improve understanding of prostate and breast cancer survivors' physical activity and nutrition and the association of these behaviours with two models. The first model, the Commonsense Self-Regulation Model (CSM), addresses cognitive and emotional perceptions of illness whereas the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) focuses on stage of(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to analyze olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) proliferation and growth on Biosilicate and collagen bioscaffolds, and to determine whether the application of laser phototherapy would result in increased OEC proliferation on the scaffolds. The use of bioscaffolds is considered a promising strategy in a number of clinical(More)
Some of the earliest work in the field of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy highlighted the need to consider tissue and treatment reactions as part of dosing principles, and to incorporate such knowledge as part of a rigorous history and physical examination of patients. Kert and Rose discussed ‘‘the unique sensitivity to laser treatment of each(More)