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DNA-PK is a DNA-activated serine/threonine protein kinase capable of phosphorylating a number of nuclear DNA-binding proteins. Purified human DNA-PK has two subunits, a 350-kDa polypeptide, Prkdc, which binds ATP and is presumed to contain the catalytic site, and the Ku autoantigen which mediates DNA binding and activation. Previous studies have shown that(More)
The 7,095-nucleotide sequence of a mouse genomic intracisternal A-particle (IAP) element, MIA14, is reported. MIA14 is known to be colinear with IAP 35S RNA and to contain functional long terminal repeats. Its internal genetic organization was determined by comparisons with a homologous Syrian hamster element and the related retroviruses simian retrovirus 1(More)
Ku is a heterodimeric protein first recognized as a human autoantigen but now known to be widely distributed in mammalian cells. Analysis of repair-deficient mutant cells has shown that Ku is required for DNA repair, and roles in DNA replication and transcription have also been suggested on the basis of in vitro observations. Ku is generally regarded as a(More)
Using a 3H-cDNA for RNA sequences specifically associated with murine intracisternal type A particles, we have found multiple copies of this information in high molecular weight nuclear DNA from tissues of both Mus muscules (BALB/c, NIH Swiss, A/Jax and feral) and Mus cervicolor. Reiteration frequencies varied from 1050-1800 per haploid genome, except that(More)
We have previously reported the purification and characterization of the transcription factor EBP-80 (Falzon, M., and Kuff, E. L. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 21915-21922). EBP-80 mediates the DNA methylation effect on transcription from an endogenous proviral long terminal repeat. Here we show that EBP-80 is very similar if not identical to the Ku(More)
Sera from autoimmune patients and normal volunteers were tested for antibodies to the A1 core protein of heteronuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) particles by ELISA and Western blot assays. The A1 protein used in these studies was produced by recombinant DNA technology. Thirty-seven per cent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus produced anti-A1(More)
The long terminal repeats (LTRs) of cloned intracisternal A particles (IAPs) can function as effective promoters in heterologous and homologous cell types (K. K. Lueders, J. W. Fewell, E. L. Kuff, and T. Koch, Mol. Cell. Biol. 4:2128-2135, 1984) and respond to transcriptional factors induced by various nuclear oncogene products (S. Luria and M. Horowitz, J.(More)
Proviral sequences related to the intracisternal A particle (IAP) are amplified and dispersed in the mouse genome. Their expression is associated with hypomethylation at CpG sites in the 5' long terminal repeat. We have used two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis to examine patterns of IAP hypomethylation in mouse DNA. The method is sensitive to both(More)