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Based on the assumption that severe alterations in the expression of genes known to be involved in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism may affect the expression of other genes, we screened an array of >5000 mouse expressed sequence tags for altered gene expression in the livers of two lines of mice with dramatic decreases in HDL plasma concentrations.(More)
Sequence polymorphisms in a 58-kilobase (kb) interval on chromosome 9p21 confer a markedly increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), the leading cause of death worldwide. The variants have a substantial effect on the epidemiology of CAD and other life-threatening vascular conditions because nearly one-quarter of Caucasians are homozygous for risk(More)
Gradient gel electrophoresis in conjunction with automated densitometry was applied to the identification and estimation of subpopulations of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in the ultracentrifugal d less than or equal to 1.200 fraction from human plasma. The frequency distribution of relative migration distances (RF values) of subpopulation peaks in HDL(More)
No evidence of premature vascular disease is found in apolipoprotein A-I(Milano) (apoA-I(M)) human carriers, despite very low high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. Whether apoA-I(M) may impart a "gain of function" in atherosclerosis protection compared to wild-type apoA-I is hotly debated. To address this question, knock-in mice expressing(More)
Human (Hu) lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a key enzyme in the plasma metabolism of cholesterol. To assess the effects of increased plasma levels of LCAT, four lines of transgenic mice were created expressing a Hu LCAT gene driven by either its natural or the mouse albumin enhancer promoter. Plasma LCAT activity increased from 1.2- to(More)
Ionizing radiation promotes formation of reactive oxygen species, including the superoxide anion (O2-). To evaluate whether O2- or O2--mediated perturbations may contribute to the known atherogenic effects of radiation, we examined aortic lesion formation in irradiated C57BL/6 mice and evaluated the effects of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD)(More)
Both in vitro and in vivo studies of scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) have implicated it as a likely participant in the metabolism of HDL cholesterol. To investigate the effect of SR-BI on atherogenesis, we examined two lines of SR-BI transgenic mice with high (10-fold increases) and low (2-fold increases) SR-BI expression in an inbred mouse(More)
Recent studies have indicated that the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) may play an important role in the uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester in liver and steroidogenic tissues. To investigate the in vivo effects of liver-specific SR-BI overexpression on lipid metabolism, we created several lines of SR-BI transgenic mice with(More)
The in vivo analysis of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), an independent atherosclerosis risk factor in humans, has been limited in part by its restricted distribution among mammals. Although transgenic mice have been created containing Lp(a), the relatively small size of the mouse has precluded some studies. To examine the properties of this molecule in a(More)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) contains two major proteins, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II), comprising about 70% and 20% of the total HDL protein mass, respectively. HDL exists in human plasma in two main forms, one containing apoA-I with apoA-II (AI/AII-HDL) and another containing apoA-I without apoA-II (AI-HDL). A strong(More)