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The operation of an unconventional, power-symmetric nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) is investigated. Its principle is based on the creation of a polarization asymmetry between the counterpropagating beams, through the use of a quarter-wave plate and highly twisted fiber in the loop. Using a very intuitive approach, we propose a simple although(More)
We propose and compare with experimental data a two-stage model of supercontinuum formation in a fiber for nanosecond-long pulse with intensities in 10 W range. As a result of the first stage, the sea of solitons is formed. The second stage is spectrum modification because of Raman interaction.
We report experimental observations of stimulated Raman scattering in a standard fiber using a directly modulated DFB semiconductor laser amplified by two erbium-doped fibers. The laser pulse width was variably controlled on a nanosecond-scale; the laser emission was separated into two distinct regimes: an initial transient peak regime, followed by a quasi(More)
We examine the transmission characteristics of a NOLM device using a symmetrical coupler, highly twisted fiber, and a quarter-wave (QW) retarder plate introducing a polarization asymmetry in the loop. We demonstrate high dynamic range with controllable transmissivity, and good stability over long times. We experimentally study the transmission behavior for(More)
Four procedures for simultaneous high-quality amplitude jitter reduction and extinction ratio enhancement of optical data streams are presented and studied using numerical simulations. They all rely on the use of a power-balanced NOLM, optionally followed by a polarizer. The setup can be operated in various regimes, leading to several switching(More)
We describe a new fiber laser configuration based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a symmetrical coupler, a quarter-wave retarder, and highly twisted, birefringent fiber in the loop. The nonlinear optical loop mirror configuration operates by nonlinear polarization rotation. We have achieved stable generation of subpicosecond pulses with milliwatts(More)
We investigated the dissipative solitons resonance in an ytterbium-doped fiber ring laser in which all the elements are polarization maintaining (PM). A semiconductor saturable absorber mirror was used as a mode-locker. The cavity included a normal dispersion single-mode fiber (SMF) and an anomalous dispersion photonic crystal fiber. The change of the(More)
Conventional mode locking is characterized by the generation of a stable train of optical pulses. Even in the noise-like pulsing regime of fiber lasers, sometimes described as partial mode locking, a periodic train of waveforms is still generated. In this work we study the dynamics of a figure-eight fiber laser away from the stable noise-like pulsing(More)