E. Kumamoto

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PURPOSE The laparoscope has been invaluable in minimally invasive surgery, but provides only a surface view of target tissue; therefore it is lacking internal tissue information. In combination with the laparoscope for visualizing the cross-sectional view of the tissue, MRI is superior to ultrasonography or X-ray CT, because of its high soft-tissue(More)
The purpose of this study was to visualize the gastric wall layers and to depict the vascular architecture in vitro by using resected porcine stomachs studied with high-spatial resolution magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Normal dissected porcine stomach samples (n = 4) were examined with a 3 Tesla MR system using a newly developed surface coil. MR images(More)
Referenceless, or self-reference, thermometry is a technique for mapping temperature differences in the region of interest (ROI) using the baseline phase estimated by extrapolating the field in the surrounding region for estimation (RFE) and subtracting the estimated baseline from the measured field. In the present work a self-reference technique based on(More)
Our challenge was to design and implement a dedicated temperature imaging feedback control system to guide and assist in a thermal liver ablation procedure in a double-donut 0.5T open MR scanner. This system has near-real-time feedback capability based on a newly developed "self-referenced" temperature imaging method using "moving-slab" and(More)
The purpose of this work is to develop a magnetic resonance (MR) technique for guiding a focal point created in Focused Ultrasound Surgery (FUS) onto a specific target position in an abdominal organ, such as the liver, which moves and deforms with respiratory motion. The translational distance, rotational angles, and amount of expansion and contraction of(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel vessel-tracking-based technique for tracking of human liver. The novelty of the proposed technique is that it measures the translation and deformation of a local tissue region based on the displacements of a set of vessels of interest instead of the entire organ. The position of the target point was(More)
The goal of this study is to establish novel medical technologies by combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with endoscopy to improve diagnostic precision and the safety of endoscopic surgeries. One of the key components of the integrated magnetic resonance (MR) endoscope system is a radio-frequency (RF) coil; this detects the MR signal from tissue and(More)
An enzyme immuno assay kit has been developed to detect anti-HIV antibody in urine. In order to examine the clinical utility of the kit, 1333 urine samples were assayed. These samples consisted of 233 urine samples from HIV infected patients, 472 samples from HIV uninfected patients including 203 samples from patients with urogenital diseases, and 628(More)