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Referenceless, or self-reference, thermometry is a technique for mapping temperature differences in the region of interest (ROI) using the baseline phase estimated by extrapolating the field in the surrounding region for estimation (RFE) and subtracting the estimated baseline from the measured field. In the present work a self-reference technique based on(More)
Our challenge was to design and implement a dedicated temperature imaging feedback control system to guide and assist in a thermal liver ablation procedure in a double-donut 0.5T open MR scanner. This system has near-real-time feedback capability based on a newly developed "self-referenced" temperature imaging method using "moving-slab" and(More)
Single-electrode voltage-clamp techniques were used to examine membrane currents recorded as a result of hyperpolarizing pre-pulses in cat bladder parasympathetic neurones. In 84 ganglion cells examined, two types of current were observed in response to hyperpolarizing pre-pulses of 10 ms to 1 s duration from holding potentials of -30 to -60 mV to test(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel vessel-tracking-based technique for tracking of human liver. The novelty of the proposed technique is that it measures the translation and deformation of a local tissue region based on the displacements of a set of vessels of interest instead of the entire organ. The position of the target point was(More)
The goal of this study is to establish novel medical technologies by combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with endoscopy to improve diagnostic precision and the safety of endoscopic surgeries. One of the key components of the integrated magnetic resonance (MR) endoscope system is a radio-frequency (RF) coil; this detects the MR signal from tissue and(More)
Intracellular recording techniques were used to study a fast hyperpolarizing potential following the fast excitatory postsynaptic potential evoked by an orthodromic nerve stimulation in cat bladder parasympathetic ganglion cells. In the 61 ganglion cells examined, two types of responses were recorded on stimulating the preganglionic nerve; one had only a(More)
Intracellular recording techniques were used to study the action of an irreversible anticholinesterase, soman, on cholinergic transmission in cat bladder parasympathetic neurons. With soman (0.1-10 microM) treatment, nicotinic depolarizations were increased in amplitude and prolonged in duration, whereas muscarinic hyperpolarizations showed either a(More)