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Deregulated expression of myc proto-oncogenes is implicated in several human neoplasias. We analysed the expression of c-myc, N-myc, L-myc, max and RB1 mRNAs in a panel of human gliomas and glioma cell lines and compared the findings with normal neural cells. The max and RB1 genes were included in the study because their protein products can interact with(More)
We evaluated the incidence of postoperative extradural hematomas by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique in 44 patients who underwent successful surgery for a virgin lumbar disc herniation. Of these patients, 28 were treated with microdiscectomy and 16 with percutaneous nucleotomy. Postoperative hematoma proved to be a universal MRI finding(More)
A well-organized network of varicose fibers was revealed throughout the frontal and temporal cortex of adult humans with specific antisera against histamine. The densest network of fibers was seen in lamina I, where varicose fibers were seen to run in parallel to the overlying pia mater. Electron microscopic immunohistochemistry revealed(More)
Histamine is found in nerve cell bodies of the tuberomammillary nucleus in mammalian brain. This nucleus is prominent in human brain. Samples of human cerebelli obtained from neurosurgical operations were examined for the presence of histamine-containing nerve fibers. In all samples, a moderately dense network of histamine-immunoreactive fibers was seen in(More)
A total of 41 patients who had undergone percutaneous nucleotomy for a single level lumbar disc herniation were clinically examined after a mean postoperative follow-up of 5 years (range 4 to 7 years). There were 14 (34%) male and 27 (66%) female patients with a mean age of 49 years. By intra-operative discography, the herniation had been graded as a(More)
A total of 190 patients treated microsurgically for a virgin single level lumbar disc herniation were examined physically after a mean follow-up period of 3 years (range 21-68 months). Included were 99 (52%) men and 91 (48%) women with a mean age of 42 years. During the observation period, sciatica had completely recovered or markedly diminished in 172(More)
We have evaluated the clinical outcome of 45 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous nucleotomy for a single-level disc herniation. Included were 28 (62%) woman and 17 (38%) men, with a mean age of 46 years. The mean postoperative follow-up time was 2 years. Intra-operatively, disc herniation was graded as a protrusion in 23 (51%) patients and as a(More)
A total of 15 patients suffering from chronic low back pain were treated with an intradiscal injection of either 1 ml of 50% glycerol or 2 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine. Most (60%) of the patients had previously undergone spinal surgery for lumbar disc herniation or spinal stenosis and 73% showed clinical signs and symptoms of segmental instability of the lumbar(More)
We analysed the outcome of 42 consecutive patients suffering from low back pain and segmental instability of the lumbar spine who underwent spondylodesis with transpedicular fixation. There were 29 (69%) females and 13 (31%) males with a mean age of 47 +/- 9 years (range 23 to 66 years). The presence of clinically verified instability was a basic(More)
We assessed in this study the potential development of postoperative muscle atrophy in the operation area in 39 patients treated by either microdiscectomy or percutaneous nucleotomy for lumbar disc herniation. The cross-sectional areas of the lumbar muscles were measured on magnetic resonance images created on the day preceding the operation and 6 months(More)