E Kostarczyk

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We describe a novel procedure for measuring instrumental sexual behavior in the male rat by using a second-order schedule of presentation of sexual reinforcement, an estrous female. Experimental assessment and validation of the paradigm have been achieved by examining (a) the importance of the conditioned stimulus in maintaining instrumental responding by(More)
The aim of this experiment was to determine heart rate (HR) responses during conditioned stimuli (CS) and the petting reward (US) delivered by the experimenter to the dogs after performance of the instrumental conditioned response (CR). It was found that in five dogs for which petting served as a positive reinforcement the delivery of petting was(More)
Twelve rats with amygdala damage (CBM) and 20 sham-operated controls were tested in several food-related situations. The CBM rats showed a longer latency to eat than controls in a novel environment due to more pronounced exploration. In the competition for food, CBM rats lost 85% of encounters with controls. Immediately after the contest, when allowed to(More)
The effect of partial cortico-basomedial amygdaloid lesions on dogs' social behavior was investigated. The lesions did not affect the conditional instrumental responding (CRs) reinforced by petting or the dogs' need for petting (US). The lesions increased the number of intertrial responses (ITRs) in all dogs. Subsequently the effect of low amphetamine doses(More)
Twelve rats with amygdaloid lesion (CBM group) and 20 sham operated (Control group) were tested. Emotional reactivity evaluated by six category scale showed transient decrease in CBM group with respect to Control one. The CBM lesion enhanced the locomotor activity in electromagnetic activity meter in the initial phase of confinement in the apparatus.(More)
The motivational bases of the social reinforcement in human-dog relations were examined. In experiment I, performed on seven dogs, it was found that dogs were able to learn and sustain the natural responses of sitting, paw extension, and lying prostrate to conditional stimuli in the form of vocal commands reinforced only by social rewards given by the(More)
Pain accompanies most of illnesses. Pain results in from activation of a specific sensory system and is not direct result of an illness. Pain system may be activated early in the fetal development before its projections will penetrate the frontal cortex. Therefore, painful experience may induce some physiological consequences even it has been not perceived(More)
Lesions of dorsomedial amygdala (DMA) or lateral hypothalamus (LH) produced prominent impairment of the alimentary behavior in dogs. Besides, various behavioral responses, including social, were depressed. To evaluate whether these changes were either specific for alimentary disturbances or dependent on changes in the general reward system, another type of(More)
The effect of amphetamine dose (0.5 mg per 1 kg) on conditional and unconditional responses based on alimentary and social motivation was investigated in two groups of dogs. Amphetamine resulted in a significant decrease of conditional instrumental responses (CRs) in both groups but did not attenuate significantly the dogs' need for food or petting. On the(More)
The effects of imipramine on learned social responses were examined in ten dogs with dorsomedial amygdalar lesions and/or lateral hypothalamic lesions. Six of the ten dogs were also tested preoperatively. The social responses were instrumentally conditioned using social interaction with the experimenter as reinforcement (petting and verbal reassurance). In(More)