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A controlled randomized study of endoscopic evacuation versus medical treatment was performed in 100 patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral (subcortical, putaminal, and thalamic) hematomas. Patients with aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, brain tumors, or head injuries were excluded. Criteria for inclusion were as follows: patients' age(More)
Hamartoma of the hypothalamus represents a well-known but rare cause of central precocious puberty and gelastic epilepsy. Due to the delicate site in which the tumor is located, surgery is often unsuccessful and associated with considerable risks. In the two cases presented, gamma knife radiosurgery was applied as a safe and noninvasive alternative to(More)
We report on a large four-generation Austrian family with autosomal dominant distal hereditary motor neuronopathy type V (distal HMN V). Forty-seven at-risk family members, of whom 21 were definitely affected, underwent detailed clinical, electrophysiological and genetic studies. The age at onset was in the second decade of life in most affected(More)
In 19 patients with cerebral infarctions in the middle cerebral artery territory, investigations of sleep using a mobile EEG recording system were performed. Sleep was found to be markedly altered compared to a normal group. Although an increase of time in bed and sleep period time was observed, total sleep time did not rise in a parallel manner, so that a(More)
The Roussy-Lévy syndrome (MIM #180800) was described in 1926 as a disorder presenting with pes cavus and tendon areflexia, distal limb weakness, tremor in the upper limbs, gait ataxia and distal sensory loss. We report a family with affected members in four generations, showing these clinical signs of Roussy-Lévy syndrome and a partial duplication at(More)
One hundred patients (49 males, 51 females) with reversible neurologic deficit due to cerebral ischemia of vascular origin in the carotid artery territory were recruited for a long-term observation to follow up recurrence of ischemic events. Fifty-eight patients (mean age sixty-four years) were treated daily with 1200 mg oral pentoxifylline in addition to(More)
PURPOSE Anterior callosotomy is a surgical option for the treatment of generalized tonic or atonic seizures associated with drop attacks. Besides open surgery, a radiosurgical callosal disconnection using the gamma knife (GK) also can be performed, but reliable data about tolerability and efficacy are sparse. METHODS Eight patients (three female, five(More)
Night sleep recordings were performed in 10 patients with sleep disturbance in falling asleep as well as in maintaining sleep using a mobile 4-channel EEG registration system. Three consecutive nights, which were spent under different conditions, were evaluated automatically. The first night without treatment was used as a baseline night to objectify the(More)
Antibodies against the glutamate receptor type 3-(GluR3) have been found in association with Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) but were also detected in patients with non-inflammatory focal epilepsies. We report the case of an 18-year-old patient with treatment refractory left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy accompanied by high levels of GluR3 antibodies.(More)
PURPOSE Ictal contralateral dystonic posturing is a frequently observed clinical feature in temporal lobe seizures. It is generally interpreted as the result of spread of the ictal discharge into basal ganglia structure. In previous reports, analysing ictal behavior, a precise definition and description of the upper limb ictal dystonia is often lacking or(More)