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In 19 patients with cerebral infarctions in the middle cerebral artery territory, investigations of sleep using a mobile EEG recording system were performed. Sleep was found to be markedly altered compared to a normal group. Although an increase of time in bed and sleep period time was observed, total sleep time did not rise in a parallel manner, so that a(More)
A controlled randomized study of endoscopic evacuation versus medical treatment was performed in 100 patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral (subcortical, putaminal, and thalamic) hematomas. Patients with aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, brain tumors, or head injuries were excluded. Criteria for inclusion were as follows: patients' age(More)
We report on a large four-generation Austrian family with autosomal dominant distal hereditary motor neuronopathy type V (distal HMN V). Forty-seven at-risk family members, of whom 21 were definitely affected, underwent detailed clinical, electrophysiological and genetic studies. The age at onset was in the second decade of life in most affected(More)
Night sleep recordings were performed in 10 patients with sleep disturbance in falling asleep as well as in maintaining sleep using a mobile 4-channel EEG registration system. Three consecutive nights, which were spent under different conditions, were evaluated automatically. The first night without treatment was used as a baseline night to objectify the(More)
We use the formal language LOTOS to specify and verify the robustness of the Equicrypt protocol under design in the European OKAPI project for conditional access to multimedia services. We state some desired security properties and formalize them. We describe a generic intruder process and its modelling, and show that some properties are falsified in the(More)
PURPOSE In the presurgical evaluation of patients with partial epilepsy, the ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a useful noninvasive diagnostic tool for seizure focus localization. To achieve optimal SPECT scan quality, ictal tracer injection should be carried out as quickly as possible after the seizure onset and under highest(More)
Hamartoma of the hypothalamus represents a well-known but rare cause of central precocious puberty and gelastic epilepsy. Due to the delicate site in which the tumor is located, surgery is often unsuccessful and associated with considerable risks. In the two cases presented, gamma knife radiosurgery was applied as a safe and noninvasive alternative to(More)
A 28-year-old asymptomatic woman was diagnosed to be heterozygous for adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) by elevated very long-chain fatty acids in serum and fibroblasts after ADL had been diagnosed in her son. A year later she had transient unilateral blurred vision. Evoked potentials and brain magnetic resonance imaging showed further separate cerebral white(More)
The Roussy-Lévy syndrome (MIM #180800) was described in 1926 as a disorder presenting with pes cavus and tendon areflexia, distal limb weakness, tremor in the upper limbs, gait ataxia and distal sensory loss. We report a family with affected members in four generations, showing these clinical signs of Roussy-Lévy syndrome and a partial duplication at(More)