E. Jean Finnegan

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Arabidopsis plants transformed with an antisense construct of an Arabidopsis methyltransferase cDNA (METI) have reduced cytosine methylation in CG dinucleotides. Methylation levels in progeny of five independent transformants ranged from 10% to 100% of the wild type. Removal of the antisense construct by segregation in sexual crosses did not fully restore(More)
The L6 rust resistance gene from flax was cloned after tagging with the maize transposable element Activator. The gene is predicted to encode two products of 1294 and 705 amino acids that result from alternatively spliced transcripts. The longer product is similar to the products of two other plant disease resistance genes, the tobacco mosaic virus(More)
Climate change is altering the availability of resources and the conditions that are crucial to plant performance. One way plants will respond to these changes is through environmentally induced shifts in phenotype (phenotypic plasticity). Understanding plastic responses is crucial for predicting and managing the effects of climate change on native species(More)
The M rust resistance gene from flax was cloned after two separate approaches, an analysis of spontaneous M mutants with an L6 gene-derived DNA probe and tagging with the maize transposon Activator, independently identified the same gene. The gene encodes a protein of the nucleotide binding site leucine-rich repeat class and is related (86% nucleotide(More)
Vernalization promotes flowering in Arabidopsis through epigenetic repression of the floral repressor, FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). Vernalization, like other polycomb-mediated repression events, occurs in two stages; FLC repression is established at low temperatures, then maintained during subsequent growth at 22 degrees C. Low temperatures induce VIN3(More)
Most multicellular organisms regulate developmental transitions by microRNAs, which are generated by an enzyme, Dicer. Insects and fungi have two Dicer-like genes, and many animals have only one, yet the plant, Arabidopsis, has four. Examining the poplar and rice genomes revealed that they contain five and six Dicer-like genes, respectively. Analysis of(More)
In Arabidopsis, the MADS-box protein encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) is a repressor of flowering. Vernalization, which promotes flowering in the late-flowering ecotypes and many late-flowering mutants, decreases the level of FLC transcript and protein in the plant. This vernalization-induced reduction in FLC transcript levels is mitotically stable and(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that the promotion of flowering by prolonged exposure to low temperatures (vernalization) is mediated by DNA demethylation [Burn, J. E., Bagnall, D. J., Metzger, J. M., Dennis, E. S. & Peacock, W. J. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 287-291]. Arabidopsis plants that have reduced levels of DNA methylation because of the(More)
A plant cytosine methyltransferase cDNA was isolated using degenerate oligonucleotides, based on homology between prokaryote and mouse methyltransferases, and PCR to amplify a short fragment of a methyltransferase gene. A fragment of the predicted size was amplified from genomic DNA from Arabidopsis thaliana. Overlapping cDNA clones, some with homology to(More)
Prolonged exposure to low temperatures (vernalization) accelerates the transition to reproductive growth in many plant species, including the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and the economically important cereal crops, wheat and barley. Vernalization-induced flowering is an epigenetic phenomenon. In Arabidopsis, stable down-regulation of FLOWERING LOCUS C(More)