E Jaskiewicz

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Many Golgi membrane-bound glycosyltransferases are released from cells in a soluble form. To characterize this release process, we stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells with three myc epitope-tagged forms of cloned beta1, 4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAcT); two of these forms resided in the Golgi, while the third was retained in the ER.(More)
GM2 synthase is a homodimer in which the subunits are joined by lumenal domain disulfide bond(s). To define the disulfide bond pattern of this enzyme, we analyzed a soluble form by chemical fragmentation, enzymatic digestion, and mass spectrometry and a full-length form by site-directed mutagenesis. All Cys residues of the lumenal domain of GM2 synthase are(More)
Earlier studies reached conflicting conclusions as to the ability of the beta 1,4 N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAc-T) that synthesizes gangliosides GM2 and GD2 to also produce gangliotriosylceramide (GA2). We constructed an experimental system in which to address this question. Wild type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells contain ganglioside GM3 as(More)
Many Golgi glycosyltransferases are type II membrane proteins which are cleaved to produce soluble forms that are released from cells. Cho and Cummings recently reported that a soluble form of alpha1, 3-galactosyltransferase was comparable to its membrane bound counterpart in its ability to galactosylate newly synthesized glycoproteins (Cho,S.K. and(More)
Many Golgi membrane-bound glycosyltransferases exist as intermolecular disulfide bonded species, some of which have been demonstrated to be homodimers. Evidence for homodimer formation has come primarily from radiation inactivation experiments. We utilized an alternative strategy to test for homodimer formation of the cloned beta 1,4(More)
Brefeldin A reversibly disassembles the Golgi complex, causing mixing of the Golgi cisternae with the ER while the trans Golgi network persists as part of a separate endosomal membrane system. Because of this compartmental separation, Brefeldin A treatment has been used to map the sub-Golgi locations of several Golgi enzymes including GM2 synthase. We(More)
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