E. Jane Garland

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OBJECTIVE A pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for adolescents with social phobia, simplified both in terms of time and labor intensity from a previously studied program (Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children and Adolescents) to be more appropriate for a community outpatient psychiatric setting. METHOD(More)
BACKGROUND The annual cut-off date of birth for entry to school in British Columbia, Canada, is Dec. 31. Thus, children born in December are typically the youngest in their grade. We sought to determine the influence of relative age within a grade on the diagnosis and pharmacologic treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. (More)
A recent increase in stimulant treatment of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been documented. Challenges in treating adolescent ADHD with methylphenidate or dextroamphetamine include compliance with frequent dosing, abuse potential and wear-off or rebound effects. Co-morbid anxiety, occurring in at least 30 percent of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether oral language, working memory, and social anxiety differentiate children with selective mutism (SM), children with anxiety disorders (ANX), and normal controls (NCs) and explore predictors of mutism severity. METHOD Children ages 6 to 10 years with SM (n = 44) were compared with children with ANX (n = 28) and NCs (n = 19)(More)
OBJECTIVE While parents and clinicians have described oppositional features as interfering with the management of children with anxiety, research on this relation is lacking. We designed this study to investigate the presence of oppositional symptoms in children presenting with mood and anxiety symptoms. METHOD In a mood and anxiety disorders clinic, we(More)
Undesired weight gain is a common complaint of patients receiving pharmacological treatment for major affective disorders. It has been found to jeopardize patient compliance and may pose additional health hazards. A review of the literature on weight gain associated with tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and lithium was carried out(More)
To minimize exposure to neurotoxins such as mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, and pesticide residues, the New York State Department of Health issues health advisories about consumption of certain fish and shellfish caught from polluted local waters. Fetal exposure causes cognitive developmental deficits in children. Consumption of fish was(More)
The syndrome of "obsessive difficult temperament" is described, and its response to serotonergic medication is reported. Diagnostic criteria are proposed for this temperamental pattern characterized by functional impairment due to obsessive rigidity, irritability, withdrawal, and poor self-regulation. The clinical characteristics, prior treatment, family(More)
With advances in sensor and actuator design, intelligent computing techniques and personal care robotics, today's robots hold promise as fully interactive, therapeutic human companions. To achieve this ambitious goal, key interaction components must be identified and then systematically designed and evaluated. Based on successes of human-animal therapy, we(More)