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(1) Alzheimer's disease is a multifactorial disease in which age and APOE-epsilon 4 are important risk factors. (2) The neuropathological hallmarks of AD, i.e. amorphous plaques, neuritic plaques (NPs), pretangles, neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) and cell death are not part of a single pathogenetic cascade but may occur independently. (3) In brain areas where(More)
As reported before, the metabolic activity of nucleus basalis neurons is reduced significantly in Alzheimer patients. Because the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon4 genotype is a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), we determined whether the decrease in metabolic activity in nucleus basalis neurons in AD is ApoE-type dependent. The size of the(More)
We previously found apolipoprotein (apoE) epsilon4-dependent lower metabolic activity in nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) neurons in Alzheimer disease (AD). In the present study we examined the metabolic activity in the NBM of 39 mentally intact control subjects with different APOE genotype. The control subjects had either no AD pathology (Braak stage 0) or(More)
Based on several lines of evidence, it has been hypothesized that decreased neuronal metabolic rate may precede cognitive impairment, contributing to neuronal atrophy as well as reduced neuronal function in Alzheimer disease (AD). Additionally, studies have shown that stimulation of neurons through different mechanisms may protect those cells from the(More)
Animal models used to study human aging and neurodegeneration do not display all symptoms of these processes as they are found in humans. Recently, we have shown that many cells in neocortical slices from adult human postmortem brain may survive for extensive periods in vitro. Such cultures may enable us to study age and disease related processes directly(More)
Aging may be viewed as a progressive loss of normal biological function. Due to complex genetic and environmental interactions, the sequence of functional impairment shows a high degree of individual variability. In humans life style and health care have an additional influence on the aging process. To study aging and age-related disorders of the human(More)
In the mollusc Lymnaea stagnalis, neuroendocrine caudodorsal cells (CDCs) were studied physiologically and morphologically from egg layers (EL) (aged 154-400), and animals 4 weeks (CEL-4) (342-455 days), and 8 weeks (CEL-8) (477-660 days) after production of their last egg mass. After recording chemical transmission, electrical coupling and stimulation(More)
Based on several lines of evidence, it has been hypothesized that decreased neuronal metabolic rate may precede cognitive impairment, contributing to neuronal atrophy as well as reduced neu-ronal function in Alzheimer disease (AD). Additionally, studies have shown that stimulation of neurons through different mechanisms may protect those cells from the(More)
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