E. J. Ainsworth

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The dose-response curves for the induction of tumors by high-LET radiation are complex and are insufficiently understood. There is no model or formulation to describe the dose-response relationship over a range 0-100 rad. Evidence suggests that at doses below 20 rad the response is linear, at least for life shortening and some tumor systems. Thus limiting(More)
This overview summarizes murine results on acute lethality responses, inactivation of marrow CFU-S and intestinal microcolonies, testes weight loss, life span shortening, and posterior lens opacification in mice irradiated with heavy charged particles. RBE-LET relationships for these mammalian responses are compared with results from in vitro studies. The(More)
The radiosensitivity as measured by LD50/6 or LD50/30 of the F1 hybrid B6CF1 (C57BL/6 X BALB/c) is similar to that of C57BL/6 mice but markedly different from BALB/c. The LD50/6 for BALB/c mice was about 8.8 Gy compared to 16.4 Gy for the B6CF1. The difference in LD50/6 between the parent strains or between BALB/c and the F1 hybrid could not be explained by(More)
The eyes of Sprague-Dawley rats were irradiated with doses of 2.5-10 Gy 250-kVp X rays, 1.25-2.25 Gy fission-spectrum neutrons (approximately 0.85 MeV), or 0.1-2.0 Gy 600-MeV/A 56Fe particles. Lens opacifications were evaluated for 51-61 weeks following X and neutron irradiations and for 87 weeks following X and 56Fe-particle irradiations. Average stage of(More)
Exogenous prostaglandins (PGs) have been shown to protect gastrointestinal mucosa, liver, and pancreas from several injurious agents, including the PG inhibitor, indomethacin. Previous studies from this laboratory showed exogenous administration of 16,16-dimethyl (dm) PGE2 also protected mouse intestinal stem cells from radiation injury. The present study(More)
Quantitative studies at the BEVALAC have demonstrated some of the physical and radiobiological factors that promise to make accelerated heavy ions important for the therapy of cancer. The measured physical dose-biological effect relationships allow the safe and effective delivery of therapeutic schedules of heavy ions. Among the charged particle beams(More)