E I H van der Voort

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Although in vivo priming of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) generally requires the participation of CD4+ T-helper lymphocytes, the nature of the 'help' provided to CTLs is unknown. One widely held view is that help for CTLs is mediated by cytokines produced by T-helper cells activated in proximity to the CTL precursor at the surface of an(More)
Synthetic peptide-based vaccines have been shown to induce potent protective and therapeutic T cell-mediated immunity in preclinical animal models and are now being evaluated in clinical phase I/II studies for their efficacy against tumors or infectious diseases. However, such vaccines might also specifically tolerize T cells causing enhanced tumor(More)
CTL that lyse melanoma cells were previously isolated from several melanoma patients. Such CTL recognize autologous proteins, indicating the occurrence of autoreactive T cells in melanoma patients. We have now raised CTL, using responding T lymphocytes from healthy donor blood, that lysed not only cells incubated with an HLA-A*0201-binding tyrosinase(More)
Encounter of Ag by naive T cells can lead to T cell priming as well as tolerance. The balance between immunity and tolerance is controlled by the conditions of Ag encounter and the activation status of the APC. We have investigated the rules that govern this balance in case an environment that normally induces tolerance is reverted into a milieu that(More)
We have shown previously that immunization of B6 mice (H-2b) with tumor cells of B6 origin transformed by the human adenovirus type 5 early region 1 (Ad5E1) induces an H-2Db-restricted CTL response against an E1B-encoded CTL epitope. We now report that immunization of B6 mice with Ad5E1-transformed tumor cells of BALB/c origin (H-2d), apart from inducing a(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluates the diagnostic performance of the anti-CCP2, anti-CCP3 and anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) tests in differentiating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from other forms of arthritis in a clinical setting of early arthritis. METHODS In 917 patients with recent-onset arthritis (566 RA, 351 other diseases) and in 99 healthy(More)
It has been proposed that the cross-priming of CTL responses in vivo involves the transfer to host APCs of heat shock protein glycoprotein 96-chaperoned antigenic peptides released from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of dying or infected cells. We have tested this possibility directly using TAP-deficient cell lines lacking antigenic ER peptides derived from(More)
Tumor-specific immunity relies on interactions with the antigen receptors as well as costimulatory molecules, such as those of the CD28/B7 pathway and relatives of the TNFR gene family. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes specific for cellular antigens are in general primed by professional antigen-presenting cells that indirectly present antigens derived from cells in(More)
Vaccines harboring genes that encode functional oncoproteins are intrinsically hazardous, as their application may lead to introduction of these genes into normal cells and thereby to tumorigenesis. On the other hand, oncoproteins are especially attractive targets for immunotherapy of cancer, as their expression is generally required for tumor growth,(More)
MAGE-2 is expressed in many tumors, including melanoma, laryngeal tumors, lung tumors and sarcomas, but not in healthy tissue, with the exception of testis. Thus, MAGE-2-derived peptides that bind to HLA class I molecules and elicit cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses could be of significant therapeutic importance. In this study, we show that several(More)