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Optical mapping is an emerging single molecule approach for the rapid generation of ordered restriction maps, using fluorescence microscopy. We have improved the size resolution of optical mapping by imaging individual DNA molecules elongated and fixed onto derivatized glass surfaces. Averaged fluorescence intensity and apparent length measurements(More)
A light microscope-based technique for rapidly constructing ordered physical maps of chromosomes has been developed. Restriction enzyme digestion of elongated individual DNA molecules (about 0.2 to 1.0 megabases in size) was imaged by fluorescence microscopy after fixation in agarose gel. The size of the resulting individual restriction fragments was(More)
New mapping approaches construct ordered restriction maps from fluorescence microscope images of individual, endonuclease-digested DNA molecules. In optical mapping, molecules are elongated and fixed onto derivatized glass surfaces, preserving biochemical accessibility and fragment order after enzymatic digestion. Measurements of relative fluorescence(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) resolution has advanced because newer techniques use increasingly decondensed chromatin. FISH cannot analyze restriction enzyme cutting sites due to limitations of the hybridization and detection technologies. The RecA-assisted restriction endonuclease (RARE) technique cleaves chromosomal DNA at a single EcoRI site(More)
The unicellular parasite Plasmodium falciparum is the cause of human malaria, resulting in 1.7-2.5 million deaths each year. To develop new means to treat or prevent malaria, the Malaria Genome Consortium was formed to sequence and annotate the entire 24.6-Mb genome. The plan, already underway, is to sequence libraries created from chromosomal DNA separated(More)
We present details on how to implement a newly developed methodology, Optical Contour Maximization (OCM), for accurately sizing large DNA molecules. Agarose gel containing stained DNA is cast between a slide and a coverslip, and molecules moved by an applied electrical field are observed using fluorescence microscopy. The molecules of interest lie in the(More)
The dynamics of individual DNA molecules in a thin gel were studied with fluorescence microscopy. Driven by an electric field, molecules hooked around isolated obstacles and became extended. By analyzing molecular images, we identified the reptation tube and primitive chain. When the field was turned off, the molecules relaxed. The relaxation time tau1 and(More)
A new approach for optically sequencing ensembles of single DNA molecules using DNA polymerase to mediate the consecutive incorporation of fluorochrome-labeled nucleotides into an array of large single DNA molecules is presented. The approach utilizes cycles of labeled fluorochrome addition, detection to count incorporations, and bleaching to reset the(More)