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Dextran covalently linked to moieties of gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), for use as a macromolecular, intravascular blood pool marker for contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was characterized by means of physicochemical and relaxivity measurements and MR imaging in healthy rats. Dextran labeled with 15 Gd-DTPA(More)
The air-filled microspheres of the ultrasound-contrast agent Albunex are unique in that the walls consist of human serum albumin molecules which have been made insoluble by sonication of the albumin solution. The microspheres were isolated by flotation, and the washed microspheres were labelled with 125I. The labelled material was cleared from the(More)
Intravenous injection of the ultrasound contrast agent Albunex (manufactured by Nycomed AS, Oslo, Norway; 400 million air-filled albumin microspheres per ml, mean diameter 4 +/- 1 microns) caused a dose-dependent increase of mean pulmonary arterial pressure in nine pigs. The highest dose (0.014 +/- 0.002 ml kg-1) increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure(More)
In a wide range of preclinical studies of gadodiamide injection (Omniscan, Sanofi Winthrop, New York, NY, and Nycomed AS, Oslo, Norway), the pharmacokinetics of the compound have been delineated and its safety demonstrated. The pharmacokinetic behavior of gadodiamide was consistent with its extracellular distribution. Its half-life in rats, rabbits, and(More)
In recent years there has been growing interest in discriminative parameter training techniques, resulting from notable improvements in speech recognition performance on tasks ranging in size from digit recognition to Switchboard. Typified by Maximum Mutual Information training, these methods assume a fixed statistical modeling structure, and then optimize(More)
To document the safety of iodixanol and to assess its pharmacokinetic properties, extensive tests have been performed. Iodixanol was rapidly excreted, mainly via the kidneys, with a plasma half-life in rats and monkeys of 25 and 76 mins, respectively. The pharmacokinetic data were consistent with an extracelleular distribution of iodixanol. During the 24(More)
The intravenous use of roentgen contrast media (CM) is associated with a low incidence of renal impairment. This paper considers the intravascular handling and retention of CM in relation to effects on renal function - specifically the ability of the kidney to reabsorb and catabolise low molecular weight proteins. Renal morphology following experimental(More)