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The early stages of the carcinogenic process induced by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in rat liver during 24 weeks of feeding and the resulting tumours have been studied with respect to cytokeratin (CK) expression. A previously uncharacterized monoclonal antibody, MRCTU/J1, has been shown to recognize rat CK18 and together with antibodies against human CK8, 18 and(More)
The human NK1 tachykinin receptor in the astrocytoma cell line U 373 MG was characterized using selective agonists and antagonists described for this receptor in the rat. Specific [3H]substance P binding sites were present on cell homogenates, whereas [3H]neurokinin A or [3H]-senktide binding sites were absent. The binding was saturable and reversible. The(More)
The human galanin receptor has been characterized pharmacologically from the Bowes melanoma cell line. Using porcine [125I]galanin as the radioligand, a single population of non-interacting high-affinity binding sites (KD = 0.05 +/- 0.01 nM; Bmax = 135 +/- 7 fmol/mg protein) was demonstrated. Human galanin peptide competitively inhibited the specific(More)
The dopamine D4 receptor is a potential target for novel antipsychotic drugs. Most available compounds with affinity for the dopamine D4 receptor also bind to dopamine D2 receptors. This report describe the affinity of the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist RP 62203 (fananserin) for the human dopamine D4 receptor. Fananserin displaces [3H]spiperone binding to(More)
1. This study was undertaken to compare the potency and selectivity of the nonpeptide (RP 67580, (+/-)-CP-96,345 and its chloro-derivative [(+/-)-cis-3-(2-chlorobenzylamino)-2-benzhydrylquinuclidine] (CP-C1)) and peptide (GR 71,251 and spantide) neurokinin1 (NK1) antagonists in mouse and rat preparations. 2. Among the NK1 antagonists tested, RP 67580 was(More)
The cardiac action potential results from a dynamic balance between inward depolarising Na+ and Ca2+ currents and outward K+ repolarising currents. During a cardiac cycle, the resultant of repolarisation phase from all ventricular cells is represented by the QT interval of the surface ECG. Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterised by polymorphic(More)
In the human astrocytoma cell line U 373 MG, application of substance P (SP) leads to a transient increase in cytosolic calcium concentration and to a biphasic current response in voltage-clamped cells. Using these two functional assays we have characterized pharmacologically the SP response in U 373 MG cells. SP and [L-Pro9]SP displayed high potencies in(More)
The hexapeptide [pGlu6,Pro9]substance P (SP)6-11, septide, has been shown to be an agonist as potent as SP in eliciting smooth muscle contraction in several in vitro preparations, while being a poor competitor of labeled SP binding. These results, as well as other pharmacological data, have suggested the existence of either a specific septide receptor or a(More)
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