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The decomposition stage and stabilization of organic matter in biowaste (mixture of yard waste and kitchen waste), originating from an open windrow process, were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and pyrolysis-field ionization mass spectrometry (Py-FIMS). These investigations provided detailed information about chemical(More)
State and stability or reactivity of waste materials are important properties that must be determined to obtain information about the future behavior and the emission potential of the materials. Different chemical and biological parameters are used to describe the stage of organic matter in waste materials. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy provides(More)
This synopsis of FT-IR spectroscopic applications in waste management covers relevant issues regarding monitoring, process and quality control. Quality in this context means low reactivity, low gas forming potential and compliance with limit values of materials to be landfilled, appropriate compost ingredients and improvement of the stable carbon pool by(More)
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy combined with multivariate data analysis is under development as a method to classify waste materials. The chemical composition of the sample is reflected by a series of regions of the infrared spectrum which are used as variables for multivariate data analysis. In this study, separated biowaste collection,(More)
Humic acids are part of the stable organic matter fraction in soils and composts. Due to their favorable properties for soils and plants, and their role in carbon sequestration, they are considered a quality criterion of composts. Time-consuming chemical extraction of humic acids and the inherent source of errors require alternative approaches for humic(More)
Conventional parameters (loss on ignition, total organic carbon, total nitrogen, C/N-ratio, respiration activity (RA₄), compost status (= 'Rottegrad'), NH₄-N and NO₃-N) are not correlated to humification. At best, they provide information on the biological stability (status of degradation) of composts. Humic substances which are a source of stable organic(More)
Abandoned landfills and dumps, where untreated waste materials were deposited in the past, are a main anthropogenic source of relevant gaseous emissions. The determination of stability is a crucial target in the context of landfill risk assessment. FTIR spectroscopy and simultaneous thermal analysis in association with multivariate statistical methods were(More)
The Austrian Landfill Ordinance provides limit values regarding the reactivity for the disposal of mechanically biologically treated (MBT) waste before landfilling. The potential reactivity determined by biological tests according to the Austrian Standards (OENORM S 2027 1-2) can be underestimated if the microbial community is affected by environmental(More)
Composts play an important role in the context of resource recovery and soil improvement by increasing soil organic matter. This study focuses on compost quality in terms of humic acid (HA) content which due to its favorable properties provides benefits for soils and plants. A series of Austrian and foreign composts (174 samples) were investigated to find(More)