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We have raised two monospecific antibodies against synthetic peptides derived from the membrane domain of the ER glycoprotein 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, the rate limiting enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. This domain, which was proposed to span the ER membrane seven times (Liscum, L., J. Finer-Moore, R. M.(More)
Among catalytic antibodies, the well-characterized antibody 43C9 is unique in its ability to catalyze the difficult, but desirable, reaction of selective amide hydrolysis. The crystallographic structures that we present here for the single-chain variable fragment of the 43C9 antibody, both with and without the bound product p -nitrophenol, strongly support(More)
We present evidence that the amino-terminal 39 residue region of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl- (HMG) CoA reductase, which includes the putative first transmembrane span, is a signal sequence for targeting HMG-CoA reductase to the endoplasmic reticulum. This evidence is based upon fractionation, endoglycosidase-H sensitivity and protease protection assays on(More)
Benzethonium chloride (Bztc) is the first totally nonpeptide ligand for an insect, indeed an invertebrate, peptide receptor. Bztc mimics the inhibitory physiological activity of the myosuppressins, a subfamily of the FLRFamides, in three different insect bioassay systems. The inhibitory action of leucomyosuppressin and the nonpeptide Bztc in both the(More)
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