E. Gordon Wilkins

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Infectious and inflammatory diseases have repeatedly shown strong genetic associations within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC); however, the basis for these associations remains elusive. To define host genetic effects on the outcome of a chronic viral infection, we performed genome-wide association analysis in a multiethnic cohort of HIV-1(More)
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) is a recently described method for detecting gross deletions or duplications of DNA sequences, aberrations which are commonly overlooked by standard diagnostic analysis. To determine the incidence of copy number variants in cancer predisposition genes from families in the Wessex region, we have(More)
OBJECTIVES Zidovudine (ZDV) requires intracellular phosphorylation to ZDV triphosphate (ZDV-TP) prior to the inhibition of HIV replication. The effect of ZDV dose on the formation of intracellular phosphorylated metabolites may help define the optimum daily dose of ZDV, which is still unknown. DESIGN AND METHODS The plasma and intracellular phosphorylated(More)
Several nucleic acid-based amplification tests are available for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but few data are available on their use in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). We performed a prospective study to assess the Roche AMPLICOR Mycobacterium tuberculosis PCR test (TB AMPLICOR) for use in the diagnosis of TBM and compared it(More)
The overall purpose of these guidelines is to provide guidance on best clinical practice in the treatment and management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive pregnant women in the UK. The scope includes guidance on the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) both to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) and for the welfare of the mother(More)
At present, the rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis rests with microscopy. However, this technique is insensitive and many cases of pulmonary tuberculosis cannot be initially confirmed. Nucleic acid amplification techniques are extremely sensitive, but when they are applied to tuberculosis diagnosis, they have given variable results. Investigators at(More)
Table of contents 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Methodology 2.1 Basing recommendations on evidence 2.2 Implications for research 2.3 Use of surrogate marker data 2.4 Issues concerning design and analysis of clinical trials 2.4.1 Trial designs 2.4.2 Viral load outcome measures 2.4.3 Noninferiority 2.4.4 Cross-study comparisons and presentation of data 2.5 Adverse(More)
All surgical operations have the potential for contamination, and the equipment used can harbour bacteria. We collected samples from 100 elective primary hip and knee arthroplasties. These showed rates of contamination of 11.4% for the sucker tips, 14.5% for light handles, 9.4% for skin blades and 3.2% for the inside blades used during surgery; 28.7% of(More)
AIM To calculate use, cost and cost-effectiveness of people living with HIV (PLHIV) starting routine treatment and care before starting combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and PLHIV starting first-line 2NRTIs+NNRTI or 2NRTIs+PI(boosted), comparing PLHIV with CD4≤200 cells/mm3 and CD4>200 cells/mm3. Few studies have calculated the use, cost and(More)