E. Gordon Grau

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We purified ghrelin from stomach extracts of a teleost fish, the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) and found that it contained an amide structure at the C-terminal end. Two molecular forms of ghrelin with 21 amino acids were identified by cDNA and mass spectrometric analyses: eel ghrelin-21, GSS(O-n-octanoyl)FLSPSQRPQGKDKKPP RV-amide and eel ghrelin-21-C10,(More)
We have identified ghrelin and cDNA encoding precursor protein from the stomach of a euryhaline tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. The sequence of 20-amino acid tilapia ghrelin is GSSFLSPSQKPQNKVKSSRI. The third serine residue was modified by n-decanoic acid. The carboxyl-terminal end of the peptide possessed an amide structure. RT-PCR analysis revealed high(More)
The Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, is capable of surviving a wide range of salinities and temperatures. The present study was undertaken to investigate the influence of environmental salinity and temperature on osmoregulatory ability, organic osmolytes and plasma hormone profiles in the tilapia. Fish were acclimated to fresh water (FW),(More)
In fish, pituitary growth hormone family peptide hormones (growth hormone, GH; prolactin, PRL; somatolactin, SL) regulate essential physiological functions including osmoregulation, growth, and metabolism. Teleost GH family hormones have both differential and overlapping effects, which are mediated by plasma membrane receptors. A PRL receptor (PRLR) and two(More)
To date, growth hormone (GH) is known to contribute to seawater adaptation only in salmonid fishes (primitive Euteleostei). Accordingly, the effects of homologous GH and two forms of homologous prolactin (PRL177 and PRL188) on hypoosmoregulatory ability and gill Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity in a more advanced euryhaline cichlid fish, the tilapia (Oreochromis(More)
In the circulation, insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) bind to high-affinity-binding proteins. Insulin-like growth-factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) appear to be present in all vertebrates. To examine the hormonal regulation of serum IGFBPs in a fish, tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) were hypophysectomized (Hx) and then treated with homologous tilapia(More)
We studied the relationship between heat stress (2 h, +12 degrees ) and increased levels of circulating cortisol (50 microg cortisol/g body weight) on heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) levels in liver and gill tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). The administration of cortisol by intraperitoneal injection (no(More)
Glucocorticoids are known to impede somatic growth in a wide range of vertebrates. In order to clarify the mechanisms through which they may act in an advanced teleost fish, we examined the effects of cortisol administration on the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)/IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) system in the tilapia (Oreochromis(More)
We identified and investigated the changes in expression of two gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α-1a and α-1b) in relationship with salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant increase in(More)
Effects of fasting on the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis were examined in the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) acclimated to fresh water. Fasting for 2 weeks resulted in significant reductions in body weight, specific growth rate and hepatosomatic index in both males and females. Significant reductions in specific growth(More)