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We purified ghrelin from stomach extracts of a teleost fish, the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) and found that it contained an amide structure at the C-terminal end. Two molecular forms of ghrelin with 21 amino acids were identified by cDNA and mass spectrometric analyses: eel ghrelin-21, GSS(O-n-octanoyl)FLSPSQRPQGKDKKPP RV-amide and eel ghrelin-21-C10,(More)
We identified and investigated the changes in expression of two gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α-1a and α-1b) in relationship with salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant increase in(More)
We have identified ghrelin and cDNA encoding precursor protein from the stomach of a euryhaline tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. The sequence of 20-amino acid tilapia ghrelin is GSSFLSPSQKPQNKVKSSRI. The third serine residue was modified by n-decanoic acid. The carboxyl-terminal end of the peptide possessed an amide structure. RT-PCR analysis revealed high(More)
Three forms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) are isolated and identified here by chemical sequence analysis for one species of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, and by HPLC elution position for a second species of tilapia, O. mossambicus. Of the three GnRH forms in O. mossambicus, chicken GnRH-II (cGnRH-II) and sea bream GnRH (sbGnRH) are present in(More)
In the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), as in many teleosts, prolactin (PRL) plays a major role in osmoregulation in freshwater. Recently, PRL-releasing peptides (PrRPs) have been characterized in mammals. Independently, a novel C-terminal RF (arginine-phenylalanine) amide peptide (Carrasius RF amide; C-RFa), which is structurally related to mammalian(More)
Studies were undertaken to determine whether the adaptation of the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, to different salinities was accompanied by changes in plasma levels of growth hormone (GH) and its two prolactins (tPRL177 and tPRL188). Transfer from fresh water to 70% seawater (22 ppt) produced significant increases in plasma GH levels in males, but not(More)
Recently, ghrelin (Ghr), a new peptide which specifically stimulates growth hormone (GH) release from the pituitary, was identified in the rat and human stomach. Ghrelin has been shown to stimulate GH release by acting through a growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor in the rat. The present study describes the in vitro effect of rat Ghr on the release(More)
Abstract Studies in mammals have shown that synthetic Met-enkephalin derivatives, called growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs), stimulate growth hormone (GH) release. The present study was conducted to determine whether the GHRP, KP-102, specifically stimulates GH release in a teleost. Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) were given a single(More)
We tested the hypothesis that nutritional state affects seawater acclimation by transferring either fed or fooddeprived (2 weeks) male tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) from fresh water to full-strength sea water. Fooddeprivation resulted in a significant increase in plasma concentrations of Na+, Cl−, cortisol, glucose, total amino acid, glutamate, serine(More)
This study assessed the endocrine and ionoregulatory responses by tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) to disturbances of hydromineral balance during confinement and handling. In fresh water (FW), confinement and handling for 0.5, 1, 2 and 6h produced elevations in plasma cortisol and glucose; a reduction in plasma osmolality was observed at 6h. Elevations in(More)