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BACKGROUND Small, untranslated RNA molecules were identified initially in bacteria, but examples can be found in all kingdoms of life. These RNAs carry out diverse functions, and many of them are regulators of gene expression. Genes encoding small, untranslated RNAs are difficult to detect experimentally or to predict by traditional sequence analysis(More)
Recent bioinformatics-aided searches have identified many new small RNAs (sRNAs) in the intergenic regions of the bacterium Escherichia coli. Here, a shot-gun cloning approach (RNomics) was used to generate cDNA libraries of small sized RNAs. Besides many of the known sRNAs, we found new species that were not predicted previously. The present work brings(More)
More than 60 small RNAs (sRNA) have been identified in E. coli. The functions of the majority of these sRNAs are still unclear. For the few sRNAs characterized, expression and functional studies indicate that they act under stress conditions. Here, we describe a novel E. coli chromosome locus that is part of the SOS response to DNA damage. This locus(More)
Adaptation stress responses in the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and its relatives involve a growing list of small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs). Previous work by us and others showed that the antisense RNA MicA downregulates the synthesis of the outer membrane protein OmpA upon entry into stationary phase. This regulation is Hfq-dependent and occurs(More)
The RNA chaperone Hfq is a key player in small RNA (sRNA)-mediated regulation of target mRNAs in many bacteria. The absence of this protein causes pleiotropic phenotypes such as impaired stress regulation and, occasionally, loss of virulence. Hfq promotes rapid sRNA-target mRNA base pairing to allow for fast, adaptive responses. For this to happen, sRNAs(More)
Small RNAs play crucial roles in regulation of gene expression in many eukaryotes. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of 18-26 nt RNAs in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. This survey uncovered developmentally regulated microRNA candidates whose biogenesis, at least in one case, is dependent on a Dicer homolog, DrnB. Furthermore, we(More)
The authors have previously reported on molecular responses of Aspergillus nidulans to bacterial antifungal metabolites, e.g. bafilomycins and the related concanamycins. These compounds are known inhibitors of V-ATPases and cause dramatic effects on mycelial growth and morphology. In Neurospora crassa, studies have shown that disruption of the gene encoding(More)
We present here a method that enables functional screening of large number of mutations in a single experiment through the combination of random mutagenesis, phenotypic cell sorting and high-throughput sequencing. As a test case, we studied post-transcriptional gene regulation of the bacterial csgD messenger RNA, which is regulated by a small RNA (sRNA). A(More)
Sensory ataxic neuropathy (SAN) is a recently identified neurological disorder in golden retrievers. Pedigree analysis revealed that all affected dogs belong to one maternal lineage, and a statistical analysis showed that the disorder has a mitochondrial origin. A one base pair deletion in the mitochondrial tRNA(Tyr) gene was identified at position 5304 in(More)
VirF, an AraC-like activator, is required to trigger a regulatory cascade that initiates the invasive program of Shigella spp., the etiological agents of bacillary dysentery in humans. VirF expression is activated upon entry into the host and depends on many environmental signals. Here, we show that the virF mRNA is translated into two proteins, the major(More)