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The Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyl is widely used to study the effects of light and plant growth factors on cell elongation. To provide a framework for the molecular-genetic analysis of cell elongation in this organ, here we describe, at the cellular level, its morphology and growth and identify a number of characteristic, developmental differences between(More)
Endoreduplication, a strategy to amplify nuclear DNA without cell division, is very common but poorly understood in plants. Recent findings in Drosophila provide a first picture of the molecular mechanism, which appears to be conserved between plants and animals. In Arabidopsis, the study of trichomes, leaf epidermis and hypocotyl cells sheds new light on(More)
The size of plant cells is determined by genetic, structural and physical factors as well as by internal and external signals. Our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of these controls is still rudimentary. Recent studies indicate that ploidy level exerts an important control on cell size. By increasing ploidy, endoreduplication may allow cells to reach(More)
A majority of the cells in the Arabidopsis hypocotyl undergo endoreduplication. The number of endocycles in this organ is partially controlled by light. Up to two cycles occur in light-grown hypocotyls, whereas in the dark about 30% of the cells go through a third cycle. Is the inhibition of the third endocycle in the light an indirect result of the reduced(More)
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