E. Foremska

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Maize ears naturally infected withF. graminearum (6 samples) andF. crookwellense (6 samples) were collected in 1990 and 1991. All samples exhibited symptoms of severe ear rot with high percentage ofFusarium damaged kernels. Thousand kernels weight ranged 108.5 – 235.0g and was significantly lower than in control, not infested kernels (330g). All ears were(More)
The amount of diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS) produced by 14 isolates ofFusarium sambucinum under laboratory conditions has been examined. The isolates were obtained from potato tubers with dry rot symptoms. Yields of DAS ranged from 20 to 330 mg/kg of wheat grain culture (chemical analysis —TLC). Chemical analysis and biological tests showed very similar results.
Extracts of the followingFusaria cultures, isolated from cereals were examined for toxicity to Artemia salina:F. avenaceum (6 isolates),F. crookwellense (7),F. graminearum (11),F. nivale (5) andF. Sporotrichioides (2). The same cultures, growing on wheat grain, were assayed also mycotoxins presence using TLC method. Most toxic were found cultures ofF.(More)
Strains of fungi isolated from pulse crops: pea (Pisum sativum) and faba beans (Vicia faba) plants with symptoms of Ascochyta blight, footrot and stems lesions have been examined under laboratory conditions for their ability to produce ascochitine and metabolites toxic toArtemia salina. BothAscochyta pisi Lib and Ascochyta fabae LK Jones isolates formed(More)
F. moniliforme and other species of Liseola section, F. culmorum, F. dlamini, and F. nygamai, were examined for their ability to produce gibberellic acid (GA3), fumonisins, trichothecenes, zearalenone, moniliformin, and bikaverin (TLC method). Gibberellic acid was produced by F. moniliforme strains in liquid medium and on rice kernels with a maximum(More)
Toxicity toA. salina, of the Fusarium metabolites: deoxynivalenol (DON), its acetylated derivatives (3- and 15-AcDON), zearalenone (ZON), neosolaniol (NEO), nivalenol (NIV), T-2, HT-2 toxins, has been examined and compared with toxicity of extracts of barley kernels (8 cultivars and 4 lines) inoculated withFusarium culmorum, F. graminearum andF.(More)
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