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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI is known to detect clinically silent microbleeds (MBs) in patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage (pICH), but the frequency and diagnostic and clinical significance of this finding are still debated. Therefore, we investigated a consecutive series of pICH patients and analyzed the patterns of MB distribution in the context(More)
OBJECTIVES Clinical reports have speculated on a more severe course of multiple sclerosis in patients with the apolipoprotein E (apoE) epsilon4 allele. As this could be reflected by differences in the severity of tissue damage MRI was used to obtain further support for a disease modifying effect of the apoE genotype. METHODS Brain MR scans of 83 patients(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has dramatically increased our ability to detect morphological abnormalities in relation to aging of the brain. Among those changes are alterations of the white matter which display high signal intensity on both proton density and T2-weighted images. They may be seen in the deep and subcortical white matter or in a(More)
In 19 patients with cerebral infarctions in the middle cerebral artery territory, investigations of sleep using a mobile EEG recording system were performed. Sleep was found to be markedly altered compared to a normal group. Although an increase of time in bed and sleep period time was observed, total sleep time did not rise in a parallel manner, so that a(More)
Zeitpunkt und Umfang der Aufklärung über das Vorliegen multipler Sklerose (MS) werden gewöhnlich ohne Wissen um die Patientenmeinung diskutiert. In einer Pilotstudie haben wir deshalb 50 Patienten mit schubförmiger MS (mittleres Lebensalter 34±9 Jahre) mittels anonymisierten Fragebogens zu ihren Empfindungen vor und nach Krankheitsaufklärung sowie zum(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We studied six patients suffering from pure, unilateral brain stem infarction to explore the association of remote cerebral and cerebellar blood flow changes with damage at different sites of this region of the brain. METHODS We used single-photon emission computed tomography and [123I]iodoamphetamine to measure regional differences(More)
To test the reliability of four previously proposed MRI criteria for the diagnosis of MS, we reviewed 1,500 consecutive brain scans for the presence, number, size, and location of areas of increased signal (AIS) on proton-density and T2-weighted images, unaware of the patients' clinical presentations and ages. This series included 134 subjects with a(More)
BACKGROUND Both the upsilon2 and upsilon4 alleles of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) have been reported to be overrepresented in lobar intracerebral hemorrhage and to be associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). These studies were performed primarily on the North American population and investigated in partly selected patient cohorts. METHODS(More)
Complementary morphological information is a prerequisite for the detailed analysis of cerebral SPET studies. We therefore developed a technique which allows the alignment of SPET and magnetic resonance scans by imaging identical slices using external landmarks on an individually fitted mask and subsequent two-dimensional image processing for in-plane(More)
We studied 20 patients aged 46-69 years (mean 57 years) undergoing long-term haemodialysis (HD) and 20 age- and sex-matched controls with single photon emission tomography (SPET) and 99Tcm-hexamethyl-propyleneamine-oxime to look for regional abnormalities in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and their relation to cognitive dysfunction. Global hemispheric tracer(More)