E Ferrari-Baliviera

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A series of dose-response studies was conducted to evaluate the clinical safety, pharmacokinetics, and metabolic effects of L-glutamine administered to humans. Initial studies in normal individuals evaluated the short-term response to oral loads of glutamine at doses of 0, 0.1, and 0.3 g/kg. A dose-related increase in blood glutamine occurred after oral(More)
The administration of growth factors may potentially accelerate recovery during critical illness by reducing body protein catabolism, enhancing wound healing, and improving skeletal muscle function. The purpose of this phase 1 study was to evaluate the safety and initial efficacy of a recombinant growth factor, human growth hormone (GH), combined with(More)
This study has the purpose of describing indications and legal implications related to the intravascular use of contrast media (ICM) in order to provide useful guidelines to the intensivist, often involved in the treatment of adverse reactions. The structure of modern contrast media (CM), is a benzenic ring carrying steadily three iodine ions. Adverse(More)
To evaluate the effect of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a major mediator of sepsis, on lung structure and function, we infused 200-g male Wistar rats with TNF (0, 2 x 10(5), or 4 x 10(5) U/kg of TNF) for 24 hours. Volume-pressure measurements were determined in the excised lungs using both air and saline, which eliminated surface tension forces. Total lung(More)
Mechanically ventilated patients are at high risk for malnutrition, and it is now accepted that nutrition can influence the respiratory function. In particular, malnutrition can adversely affect lung function and the adverse effects of such malnutrition include: decreased ventilatory drive, decreased respiratory muscle function, alterations of lung(More)
This study evaluated whether pharmacological doses of recombinant human growth hormone (hGH) influences androgen or cortisol metabolism during nutritional repletion following prolonged illness. Stable hospitalized adults (three males, seven female) receiving constant calorie and protein intake were studied. An initial control week was followed by a(More)
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