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Ultrastructural features of neuromuscular junction formation and transverse tubule development were studied utilizing a newly developed model in which human muscle fibres cultured in monolayer are innervated by foetal rat spinal cord with dorsal root ganglia attached. At early innervation (7-10 days), when distinct 'boutons' are contacting muscle fibres,(More)
TRH has rapid-onset (30 sec), slow-offset (1-12 days) clinical benefit in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other motor neuron disorders. This benefit is probably receptor-mediated and may have at least 2 components. To obtain a better understanding of the various responses to TRH of the spinal lower motor neurons (LMNs) in patients, and(More)
We are investigating the role of steroid hormones in the biological behavior of malignant melanoma. We have recently shown that the growth of RPMI 3460 Syrian hamster melanoma cells in monolayer culture is retarded by the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone. This paper reports the identification of a macromolecule with properties of a glucocorticoid(More)
The potent synthetic androgen methytrienolone (R 1881), which does not bind to serum proteins, was utilized to characterize binding to receptors in human androgen responsive tissues. Cytosol extracts prepared from hypertrophic prostates (BPH) were utilized as the source of receptor for the initial studies. High affinity binding was detected in the cytosol(More)
The autoradiographic localisation of Substance P (SP) receptors was investigated in the rat spinal cord following cordotomy at the thoracic 8-9 level. The binding of [125I]-BH-SP was measured in discrete gray matter structures above (C6-C7 level) and below (L2-L3 level) the injury site, and expressed in fmol/mg protein. There was a statistically significant(More)
We have grown solid tumors using dexamethasone-sensitive (clone 6) and -resistant (clone 5) cells cloned from RPMI 3460 Syrian hamster melanoma. Clone 6 but not clone 5 tumor growth was retarded by dexamethasone, indicating that these tumors retain the growth sensitivity to the hormone characteristic of the cells from which they are derived. Both tumor(More)