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Mutation analysis was performed for two HFE mutations (C282Y, H63D) in unrelated patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (n = 92), family members of patients (n = 34), and unrelated controls (n = 157) from Northern Germany, 87/92 patients (94.6%) revealed the C282Y mutation in homozygous form, five were heterozygous. No H63D mutation was found in 174(More)
Total body iron stores including liver and spleen iron were assessed by non-invasive SQUID biomagnetometry. The liver iron concentration was measured in groups of patients with beta-thalassaemia major or other posttransfusional siderosis under treatment with the oral iron chelator deferiprone (n = 19) and/or with parenteral deferoxamine (n = 33). An(More)
Intestinal iron absorption studies, which include investigation of iron deficiency, increased erythropoiesis, low iron diet and acute bleeding, have been done, but none have reported the regulation of the balance of an iron-replete individual. We bled rats at regular time intervals, such that the experimentally induced iron losses were compensated by iron(More)
A high correlation coefficient r = -0.832 (P r +/- 0 less than 0.0001) was estimated in man for the inverse relationship between the diagnostic 59Fe2+-absorption and the serum ferritin concentration which is very close to the correlation r = -0.88 as described for the relationship between the diagnostic 59Fe2+-absorption and the diffuse cytoplasmic storage(More)
To investigate the applicability of noninvasive Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) biomagnetic liver susceptometry and its limitations in thalassemic children, 23 patients with beta-thalassemia major and other iron loading anemias (age: 4-16 years) and 16 age-related normal children were studied. Liver iron concentrations ranged from 600 to(More)
In a group of male distance runners, 23 out of 45 athletes showed decreased serum ferritin values (< 35 micrograms). The high prevalence of a typical iron deficiency in runners was confirmed in a subgroup of eight athletes in which the iron metabolism was studied in detail using radio-iron labelling and liver iron quantification. Most of these athletes(More)
The intestinal absorption of 59Fe and 14C from hexacyanoferrates(II) was studied in piglets. KFeIII[FeII (CN)6] (I) and FeIII4[FeII(CN)6]3 (II) were labelled with 59Fe both in the Fe(III)-position (outside the complex anion, a) or in the Fe(II)-position (hexacyanoferrate anion, b). Labelling of the Fe(III)-position resulted in a 59Fe-absorption of 1.47%(More)
The bioavailability or iron from iron(III)hydroxide polymaltose complex (ferric polymaltose, Fe-PM) was studied in human volunteers with normal or depleted iron stores as well as in patients with iron deficiency anemia. From an oral iron dose of 100 mg neutron activated Fe-PM, starved subjects with depleted iron stores absorbed significantly less (p <(More)
Large 4 pi whole body counters allow the use of very low doses of radioactivity in medical research and in routine diagnosis of patients. The electronics of the 4 pi whole body counter in Hamburg (HAMCO) have recently been updated. The detector contains 1360 I of liquid organic scintillator. Experiments combined with extensive computer simulations yielded(More)