E E Caloroso

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Quantification and retrieval of data in vision therapy is a difficult task for both the private practitioner and optometric educator. The problem-oriented record provides an organizational approach that readily identifies patient's problems, therapeutic objectives, and the results of administered therapy. A minimum data base and the resultant problem list(More)
  • E E Caloroso
  • Journal of the American Optometric Association
  • 1988
The clinical approach to achieving functional binocularity for constant strabismus includes a series of sequential steps utilizing several therapy options. Passive therapy includes lenses, prisms, filters, occlusion, medications and strabismus surgery. Active therapy adds visual exercises and/or self-monitoring systems such as biofeedback. Consideration of(More)
Concomitancy is one of several factors to measure when performing a complete diagnostic evaluation of heterotropias and heterophorias. When the fusion-free position of the eyes varies significantly in magnitude or direction in different fields of gaze, nonconcomitancy exists. Frequently the testing of concomitancy is overlooked or performed with little(More)
A 39-year-old white female presented with symptoms of constant diplopia onset with a first bifocal correction. The association of these conditions required a careful differential diagnosis and special management considerations. Testing indicated an esotropia with a longstanding nonconcomitant superior oblique paresis which became manifest when she began(More)
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