E Douglas Lewis

Learn More
Despite recommendations for higher choline intakes during pregnancy and lactation, there is limited research regarding maternal intake during these important periods. In the present study, we estimated dietary choline intake during pregnancy and lactation in a population of Albertan women and the contribution of egg and milk consumption to intake. Dietary(More)
Visna virus is the prototypic member of a subfamily of retroviruses responsible for slow infections of animals and humans. As a part of our investigation of the functions of viral gene products in virus replication, we have isolated three infectious molecular clones and determined the complete nucleotide sequences of two of the clones. We have also(More)
A maize genomic clone containing a zein gene (Z4) was inserted into the T-region of the T37 Ti plasmid. Agrobacterium tumefaciens cells carrying this modified Ti plasmid were used to inoculate sunflower stemlets. Callus tissue active in nopaline synthesis was grown from a single transformed cell. DNA analysis of this tissue showed that the zein gene plus(More)
Epidemiological studies identify meat as a major source of choline; however, the most comprehensive reference for food choline content, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) database for dietary choline, does not include values for meats of importance in some regions. In this work, the total choline and choline-containing moieties of 20 samples(More)
Herpes viruses cause acute and chronic diseases of the peripheral and central nervous systems and have been implicated in the aetiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this investigation the relevance of human herpes virus infection to AD was assessed by in situ hybridization. The abundant latency associated transcript(s) of herpes simplex virus type 1(More)
Zein, the prolamine fraction of maize, is localized in the endosperm in membrane-bound structures called protein bodies, which have polyribosomes on their surfaces. These polysomes or the mRNA fraction isolated from them will direct the synthesis of zein-like proteins in vitro. The in vitro products consist primarily of two molecular weight classes but show(More)
Choline is a precursor to phosphatidylcholine (PC), a structural molecule in cellular membranes that is crucial for cell growth and function. PC is also required for the secretion of lipoprotein particles from liver and intestine. Choline requirements are increased during lactation when maternal choline is supplied to the offspring through breast milk. To(More)
The effect of tritiated thymidine incorporation on DNA replication was studied in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Rapidly eluting (small) DNA from cells labeled with 2 microCi of [3H]thymidine per ml (200 microCi/mmol) for 60 min matured to a large nonelutable size within approximately 2 to 4 h, as measured by the alkaline elution technique. However, DNA from(More)
The nutrient choline is necessary for membrane synthesis and methyl donation, with increased requirements during lactation. The majority of immune development occurs postnatally, but the importance of choline supply for immune development during this critical period is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the importance of maternal supply(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid-soluble phosphatidylcholine (PC) and aqueous free choline are absorbed and metabolized differently, but the metabolic effects of feeding these 2 forms of choline have not been thoroughly investigated. OBJECTIVE We sought to compare the effects of PC and free choline in the maternal diet on the development of the offspring's immune system.(More)