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A diversity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes has been identified in mammalian brain using recombinant DNA technology. Alterations in the activity of these acetylcholinegated ion channels have been implicated in a number of central nervous system disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The potential therapeutic usefulness of(More)
Recent evidence suggests that the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) is elevated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. IL-6 is produced by reactive glial cells and could potentially affect neuronal survival. Understanding the biochemical mechanism that regulates the production and release of IL-6 by astrocytic cells may help to identify potential targets for(More)
Activation of the classical complement cascade by beta-amyloid peptides has been hypothesized to underlie the neurodegeneration observed in Alzheimer's diseased brains. In this study, various lots of synthetic beta-amyloid peptides, A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42), and A beta(25-35), were tested for their ability to activate both early complement cascade events(More)
Activation of muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs) in the central nervous system reduces the catalytic activity of membrane-bound adenylate cyclase and attenuates depolarization-dependent release of acetylcholine (ACh). Inasmuch as reports have indicated that these mAChR-mediated responses exhibit pharmacological profiles similar to the M2 subclass of(More)
We have previously shown that activation of the phosphatidyl-inositol/phospholipase C pathway could induce interleukin 6 (IL-6) release from U373MG human astrocytomes cells. We also found that, although interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) did not activate phosphatidy-linositol turnover, it induced, a robust release of IL-6. In the present study, we examined the(More)
Leukemic infiltration of the kidneys is a very rare cause of renal failure. A woman with acute lymphoblastic leukemia presented with nonliguric renal failure and was found to have massively enlarged kidneys. The size of the kidneys was dramatically reduced through the combined effects of local radiation therapy and systemic chemotherapy. Because this rapid(More)
To investigate the consequences of complement activation on neuronal viability, the effects of serum treatment on neuron-rich and mixed neuronal/glial cultures were evaluated. The neurotoxicity observed following treatment with either human or rat serum was variable and did not appear to be mediated through a complement-mediated mechanism. Serum lots(More)
A series of novel 2-substituted acetylenic pyrrolidines and piperidines related to oxotremorine (1) were prepared and evaluated in vitro as muscarinic cholinergic agents at brain M1 and M2 receptors. One analogue, 3-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)-1-[2(R)-pyrrolidinyl]-1-propyne hydrogen oxalate (6a), was found to be a partial agonist producing a PI hydrolysis(More)
The potassium permeability of the human red blood cell increases with the free intracellular calcium concentration. The efflux of potassium can be inhibited by iodoacetic acid. This inhibitory effect correlates directly with the carboxymethylation of a protein band found in both the hemolysate and membrane fractions. The present study provides two(More)
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