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The stability of two purified monoclonal antibodies, MN12 and WT31, was investigated. The monoclonal antibodies were incubated for 32 days at different pH values (ranging from 3.0 to 10.0) at 4 and 37 degrees C. Various analytical methods were used to assess changes in physicochemical properties of the proteins. The monoclonal antibodies were more(More)
Immune-stimulating complexes (iscoms) are stable complexes of cholesterol, phospholipid and Quil A, a triterpene saponin mixture in the size range from 40 to 100 nm. They can be used as antigen carriers in subunit vaccines. In this paper it is demonstrated that iscoms are rigid, negatively charged vesicles in which small water soluble molecules like(More)
A simple and rapid method for determining the affinity constant of a monoclonal antibody-peptide complex under equilibrium conditions is presented. A peptide corresponding to sequence 178-185 of meningococcal strain MC50 class 1 outer membrane protein, which is recognized by monoclonal antibody MN12 (mouse IgG2a), was synthesized. After fluorescein was(More)
A short-term toxicity study was performed to investigate local reactions and hematological changes after im injection of Quillaia A (Quil A; 50 or 600 micrograms/ml) an essential component of an immunostimulating complex (iscom), a novel form of a subunit vaccine, and of iscom measles vaccine containing 360 micrograms Quil A/ml. The effects were compared(More)
Peptide-carrier conjugates are widely used to raise antipeptide antibodies. In a model system using angiotensin and tetanus toxoid as the peptide and the carrier protein respectively, four cross-linking reagents were employed to study their effect on the immunogenicity of the conjugates. Optimization of the conjugation method for these heterobifunctional(More)
The pH dependence of the conformation of a mouse IgG2a, kappa monoclonal antibody (MN12) was investigated by several physical techniques, including fluorescence spectroscopy, near-ultraviolet and far-ultraviolet CD, and electric-field-induced transient birefringence measurements. The intensity of the intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence remained constant in(More)
BACKGROUND Neisseria meningitidis is a human pathogen that can infect diverse sites within the human host. The major diseases caused by N. meningitidis are responsible for death and disability, especially in young infants. In general, most of the recent work on N. meningitidis focuses on potential antigens and their functions, immunogenicity, and(More)
Tetanus toxoid encapsulated in microspheres consisting of biodegradable polyesters, prepared by four different manufacturers were evaluated with respect to antigenic load, in vitro release pattern, antigen integrity and immunogenicity. In vitro release studies over periods up to 140 days indicated that only during the first days tetanus toxoid was released.(More)
The death rate of hybridoma cells, grown in a continuous culture, has been studied in a small air-lift loop reactor as a function of reactor height and injected gas flow rate. The first-order death-rate constant was found to be proportional to the reciprocal height and to the gas flow rate, in accordance with the hypothetical killing volume model for insect(More)
Since variation in process time and process output is commonly accepted to be inevitable for biological processes, application of Process Analytical Technologies (PAT) on these processes is challenging. In this paper the applicability of PAT on the cultivation of Bordetella pertussis bacteria as part of the manufacture of a vaccine against whooping cough(More)