E. Chen

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A mathematical model for studying the passive kinematics of total knee prostheses can be useful in computer-aided planning and guidance of total joint replacement. If the insertion location and neutral length of knee ligaments is known, the passive kinematics of the knee can be calculated by minimizing the strain energy stored in the ligaments at any(More)
Laser scanning technology is one of the most integral parts of today's scientific research, manufacturing, defense, and biomedicine. In many applications, high-speed scanning capability is essential for scanning a large area in a short time and multi-dimensional sensing of moving objects and dynamical processes with fine temporal resolution. Unfortunately,(More)
The development of quantitative measures to evaluate software development techniques is necessary if we are going to develop appropriate methodologies for software production. Data is collected by the Software Engineering Laboratory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on developing medium scale projects of up to ten man years effort. In this study, cluster(More)
Carcinoid tumours are relatively rare and, in general, slow growing. They can be "non-functioning" tumours, presenting as a tumour mass, or "functioning" tumours secondary to the production of several biopeptides leading to the carcinoid syndrome. Though these tumours represent 0.25% of an oncology practice, a proper understanding of the clinical course of(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between hepatocyte cell adhesion molecule (hepaCAM) and SMAD family member 2/3 (SMAD2/3) in bladder carcinoma, and the involvement of the SMAD2/3 pathway in hepaCAM-induced tumor apoptosis. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure hepaCAM and p-SMAD2/3 protein levels in bladder cancer tissues. Flow(More)
In a field experiment, two winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars, Tainong 18 (a large-spike cultivar) and Jinan 17 (a multiple-spike cultivar), were treated with 78% (S1), 50% (S2), and 10% (S3) of full sunshine (S0, control) from anthesis to maturity to determine the responses of photosynthetic characteristics and antioxidative enzyme activities in(More)
The title compound, C(19)H(21)N(3)O(3)S, was synthesized via an aza-Wittig reaction of a functionalized imino-phospho-rane with phenyl isocyanate under mild conditions. In the mol-ecule, the fused thienopyrimidine ring system makes a dihedral angle of 66.30 (11)° with the phenyl ring. An intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. The terminal -OCH(2)CH(3)(More)
A decision-directed (DD) channel estimation based on iterative linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) is proposed for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems. Existing DD channel estimation is well known to have the problem of error propagation because of symbol-by-symbol detection. The proposed algorithm can estimate the correction term of(More)