E. Cavicchini

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We determined the effects on nociceptive threshold and motor function of dynorphin-gene products, dynorphin A-(1-32) (DYN A-(1-32), DYN A-(1-8), DYN B and DYN B-29 and the non-opioid peptides somatostatin, neurotensin and salmon calcitonin (s-CT) after intrathecal administration in the rat. DYN A-(1-32) (25 nmol) produced maximal elevation of tail-flick(More)
The antagonism of the antinociceptive effects of various kappa-opioid agonists has been studied in the mouse abdominal constriction test. Naloxone produced a much smaller degree of antagonism of U50488H than it did of two other kappa-agonists, U69593 and tifluadom. The kappa-selective antagonist, norbinaltorphimine, also failed to shift the dose-response(More)
The intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of pertussis toxin (0.5 microgram) to rats significantly reduced the hypothermic and behavioural effects (episodic bizarre postures characterized by limb rigidity and followed by barrel rolling) induced by i.c.v. dynorphin A (10 micrograms). These central effects of dynorphin A thus appear to be initiated(More)
Salmon calcitonin injected intrathecally in unanesthetized rats produced long-lasting, dose-dependent elevations of nociceptive threshold as measured in the hot plate test. This antinociceptive action was nonopiate in nature as it was uninfluenced by the narcotic antagonists naloxone and MR 1452; moreover, the peptide was still able to raise the nociceptive(More)
The synthetic opioid met-enkephalin analog [D-Ala2, MePhe4, Met(0)5ol] enkephalin (DAMME) and the opiate morphine injected intraperitoneally to rats at doses of 0.5-2 and 5-20 mg/kg, respectively, showed a protective effect on gastric damage induced by oral administration of necrotizing agents (0.6 N HCl or 0.2 N NaOH solutions, 1 ml/rat). The protection(More)
Immunoreactive dynorphin A (ir-Dyn A) was detected throughout the human gastrointestinal tract by a validated radioimmunoassay. Moreover, the stability of 125I-Dyn A during extraction procedures was confirmed by high performance liquid chromatography. Levels of ir-Dyn A were higher in the stomach and in the small bowel. In tissue samples separated into the(More)
An extract of cannabis (5 and 15 mg/kg expressed as Δ9-THC) orally administered to rats caused an elevation of the nociceptive threshold (tail-flick latency and vocalization tests). Naloxone and naltrexone (blockers of μ-type opiate receptors) as well as MR 1452 (blocker of κ opiate receptors) did not prevent the antinociceptive effect of cannabis when used(More)
As part of a wider research project on structure-activity relationships of chiral arylalkanoic acids, stereomeric aryl- biphenylyl-hydroxypropionic acids 3a-d have been prepared and their antiinflammatory activity evaluated. Diastereomeric racemic erythro- and threo-acids have been synthesized by reaction of alpha-lithiated biphenylyl-acetic acid salts with(More)