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The morphology of three Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, all lacking chitin synthase 1 (Chs1) and two of them deficient in either Chs3 (calR1 mutation) or Chs2 was observed by light and electron microscopy. Cells deficient in Chs2 showed clumpy growth and aberrant shape and size. Their septa were very thick; the primary septum was absent. Staining with(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae chs2 mutants are unable to synthesize primary septum chitin, and myo1 mutants cannot construct a functional contractile ring. The morphology of the two mutants, as observed by electron microscopy, is very similar. In both cases, neither an invagination of the plasma membrane, which normally results from contraction of the actomyosin(More)
The enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of the major structural component of the yeast cell wall, beta(1-->3)-D-glucan synthase (also known as 1,3-beta-glucan synthase), requires a guanosine triphosphate (GTP) binding protein for activity. The GTP binding protein was identified as Rho1p. The rho1 mutants were defective in GTP stimulation of glucan synthase,(More)
UDPG was prepared as described by Pontis et al. (2). Part of this material was kindly furnished by Dr. H. G. Pontis. UDP was prepared by heating UDPG at 100” in 0.03 N sulfuric acid for 10 minutes, followed by neutralization with barium hydroxide and chromatography on Whatman No. 3 paper with ethanol-ammonium acetate at pH 3.8 as solvent (3). Another sample(More)
Chitin is a minor but essential component of the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, with functions in septum formation in the vegetative life cycle and also in conjugation and spore cell-wall synthesis in the sexual cycle. Of the three chitin synthases present in yeast, chitin synthase III (CSIII) is responsible for the synthesis of most of the chitin(More)
In the vegetative (mitotic) cycle and during sexual conjugation, yeast cells display polarized growth, giving rise to a bud or to a mating projection, respectively. In both cases one can distinguish three steps in these processes: choice of a growth site, organization of the growth site, and actual growth and morphogenesis. In all three steps, small(More)
To isolate the putative linkage region between chitin and beta(1-->3)-glucan, Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell walls were digested with beta(1-->3)-endoglucanase and the reducing ends of the enzyme-resistant glucose chain stubs were labeled by reduction with borotritide. The radioactive material was further digested with exochitinase to remove the bulk of the(More)
The CAL1 gene was cloned by complementation of the defect in Calcofluor-resistant calR1 mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Transformation of the mutants with a plasmid carrying the appropriate insert restored Calcofluor sensitivity, wild-type chitin levels and normal spore maturation. Southern blots using the DNA fragment as a probe showed hybridization(More)
The yeast cell wall contains beta1,3-glucanase-extractable and beta1,3-glucanase-resistant mannoproteins. The beta1,3-glucanase-extractable proteins are retained in the cell wall by attachment to a beta1,6-glucan moiety, which in its turn is linked to beta1,3-glucan (J. C. Kapteyn, R. C. Montijn, E. Vink, J. De La Cruz, A. Llobell, J. E. Douwes, H. Shimoi,(More)