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Human memory B cells comprise isotype-switched and nonswitched cells with both subsets displaying somatic hypermutation. In addition to somatic hypermutation, CD27 expression has also been considered a universal memory B cell marker. We describe a new population of memory B cells containing isotype-switched (IgG and IgA) and IgM-only cells and lacking(More)
We have recently assigned the facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) gene to chromome 4 by linkage to the microsatellite marker Mfd 22 (locus D4S171). We now report that D4S139, a VNTR locus, is much more closely linked to FSHD. Two-point linkage analysis between FSHD and D4S139 in nine informative families showed a maximum combined lod score (Zmax)(More)
The expressed human Ig repertoire is not an equal representation of all V(H) segments present in genomic DNA. Studies have shown that a restricted set of V(H) gene segments are over-represented in Ab repertoires of fetal/neonatal and adult B cells. Additionally, this restricted set of V(H) genes is frequently expressed by autoimmune and tumor B cells. To(More)
In this report we describe the analysis and mapping of members of the human immunoglobulin VH7 gene family. VH7 and VH1 gene segments are closely related, with individual gene segments sharing between 78% and 82% sequence identity. Divergence from VH1 gene sequence occurs as an abrupt event at the boundary between framework region (FR) 2 and(More)
The genetic locus for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has been mapped to chromosome 4. We have examined linkage to five chromosome 4q DNA markers in 22 multigenerational FSHD families. Multipoint linkage analyses of the segregation of four markers in the FSHD families and in 40 multigenerational mapping families from the Centre d'Etude du(More)
The long-term immunologic effects of B cell depletion with rituximab and the characteristics of the reconstituting B cell pool in lymphoma patients are not well defined, despite the widespread usage of this therapy. Here we report that during the B cell reconstitution phase a majority of the peripheral blood B cells have an immature transitional phenotype(More)
To better understand heterogeneity of human VH genes, we have studied polymorphism among three homologous genes from VH3, the most complex human VH gene family. Sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes were used to identify the germ-line source of each gene. The fetally expressed gene 56p1, and the germ-line VH element 1.9III, were identified and shown to(More)