E. C. Guzman

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Changes of thymidine concentration in the growth medium affect the chromosome replication time of Thy- strains without at the same time causing a detectable difference in the growth rate (R. H. Pritchard and A. Zaritsky, Nature 226:126-131, 1970). Consequently, the optimal thymidine concentration cannot be determined by ascertaining which concentration(More)
NDP reductase activity can be inhibited either by treatment with hydroxyurea or by incubation of an nrdA ts mutant strain at the non-permissive temperature. Both methods inhibit replication, but experiments on these two types of inhibition yielded very different results. The chemical treatment immediately inhibited DNA synthesis but did not affect the cell(More)
Although the nrdA101 allele codes for a ribonucleoside diphosphate (rNDP) reductase that is essentially destroyed in less than 2 min at 42 degrees C, and chemical inhibition of the enzyme by hydroxyurea stops DNA synthesis at once, we found that incubation at 42 degrees C of an Escherichia coli strain containing this allele allows DNA replication for about(More)
Stalled replication forks produced by three different ways of depleting deoxynucleoside triphosphate showed different capacities to undergo "replication fork reversal." This reaction occurred at the stalled forks generated by hydroxyurea treatment, was impaired under thermal inactivation of ribonucleoside reductase, and did not take place under thymine(More)
The dnaA operon of Escherichia coli contains the genes dnaA, dnaN, and recF encoding DnaA, beta clamp of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, and RecF. When the DnaA concentration is raised, an increase in the number of DNA replication initiation events but a reduction in replication fork velocity occurs. Because DnaA is autoregulated, these results might be due(More)
DnaA protein is required for the initiation of DNA replication at the bacterial chromosomal origin, oriC, and at the origins of many plasmids. The concentration of DnaA protein is an important factor in determining when initiation occurs during the cell cycle. Methylation of GATC sites in the dnaAp2 promoter, two of which are in the -35 and -10 sequences,(More)
The observed lengthening of the C period in the presence of a defective ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase has been assumed to be due solely to the low deoxyribonucleotide supply in the nrdA101 mutant strain. We show here that the nrdA101 mutation induces DNA double-strand breaks at the permissive temperature in a recB-deficient background, suggesting an(More)
A direct method for calculating the average number of replication forks per chromosome in an exponentially growing bacterial culture and the fraction of reinitiation after an inductive treatment of the initiation step is presented. This method has allowed the development of REPLICON, a computer program designed for the resolution of the algorithm and(More)
A temperature shift-up accompanied by a reduction in RNA polymerase activity in Escherichia coli causes an increased rate of initiation leading to a 1.7- to 2.2-fold increase in chromosome copy number. A temperature shift-up without a reduction in polymerase activity induces only a transient non-scheduled initiation of chromosome replication caused by heat(More)