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We present a statistical method for identifying species hybrids using data on multiple, unlinked markers. The method does not require that allele frequencies be known in the parental species nor that separate, pure samples of the parental species be available. The method is suitable for both markers with fixed allelic differences between the species and(More)
We present a method for detecting haplotype blocks that simultaneously uses information about linkage-disequilibrium decay between the blocks and the diversity of haplotypes within the blocks. By use of phased single-nucleotide polymorphism data, our method partitions a chromosome into a series of adjacent, nonoverlapping blocks. The partition is made by(More)
—We monitored growth and life history pathways of juvenile steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss and compared growth rates between the upper watershed and estuary in Scott Creek, a typical California coastal stream. Growth in the upper watershed was approximately linear from May to December for age-0 fish. For passive integrated transponder (PIT) tagged, age-1þ(More)
Neotropic migratory birds are declining across the Western Hemisphere, but conservation efforts have been hampered by the inability to assess where migrants are most limited-the breeding grounds, migratory stopover sites or wintering areas. A major challenge has been the lack of an efficient, reliable and broadly applicable method for measuring the strength(More)
Likelihood-based parentage inference depends on the distribution of a likelihood-ratio statistic, which, in most cases of interest, cannot be exactly determined, but only approximated by Monte Carlo simulation. We provide importance-sampling algorithms for efficiently approximating very small tail probabilities in the distribution of the likelihood-ratio(More)
Unsupervised clustering algorithms, like the program Structure, are increasingly used to infer the presence of population structure from a sample of genotyped individuals. We evaluate the extent to which the presence of related individuals can lead such algorithms to the false inference that there is population structure. First, we demonstrate this problem(More)
A population's effective size is an important quantity for conservation and management. The effective size may be estimated from the change of allele frequencies observed in temporally spaced genetic samples taken from the population. Though moment-based estimators exist, recently Williamson and Slatkin demonstrated the advantages of a maximum-likelihood(More)
A method for estimating the number of founding chromosomes in an isolated population is introduced. The method assumes that n/2 diploid individuals are sampled from a population and that alleles are identified at L unlinked loci. The population is assumed to have been founded T generations in the past by individuals carrying c chromosomes drawn randomly(More)
Severe declines in megafauna worldwide illuminate the role of top predators in ecosystem structure. In the Antarctic, the Krill Surplus Hypothesis posits that the killing of more than 2 million large whales led to competitive release for smaller krill-eating species like the Antarctic minke whale. If true, the current size of the Antarctic minke whale(More)
Molecular evaluations of successful invaders are common, however studies of introduced species that have had limited invasion success, or have died out completely, are rare. We studied an introduced population of speckled dace (Rhinichthys osculus) from northern California, USA that has rapidly increased in abundance but remained restricted to a 25-km(More)