E Borawski-Clark

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Very low birthweight (VLBW) is often considered to be a risk factor for speech and language disorders, yet data are equivocal. The present study compared speech and language comprehension and production between 249 very-low-birthweight (VLBW: less than 1.5 kg) and 363 normal-birthweight 8-year-olds, randomly sampled in a geographic area. Mean performance(More)
The purpose of this study is to test for social class differences in social support among older adults. Data on a comprehensive range of social support measures provided by a nationwide sample of elderly people suggests that social class differences emerge when measures of contact with friends, support provided to others, and satisfaction with support are(More)
We tested the hypothesis that very low birth weight (VLBW < 1.5 kg) children would have significantly poorer neurocognitive abilities at school age than would normal birth weight full-term age mates, that differences would persist after control for neurologic impairment and social risk, and that VLBW would interact with social risk. Two hundred forty-nine(More)
To determine the impact of very low birth weight (VLBW) on medical outcomes during childhood, we compared the health of 249 VLBW children born from 1977 through 1979 with that of 363 normal birth weight (NBW) control children at 8 years of age. Measures included the rates of specific illnesses, surgical procedures and accidents, growth, and other physical(More)
The objective of this study was to describe the incidence, neonatal correlates, and outcome of pneumopericardium (PPC) in very low birth weight (VLBW) < or = 1.5 kg infants. Forty-seven VLBW infants with a PPC, born during 1977 to 1989, were compared with a cohort of 1302 ventilated VLBW infants. PPC developed in 2% of 2389 VLBW infants and 3.5% of 1349(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine growth attainment and correlates of catch-up growth at 8 years of age in a cohort of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) children (< 1500 g), including appropriate and small-for-gestational-age children, and to compare their growth with normal-birth-weight (NBW) children. DESIGN Eight-year longitudinal follow-up of a cohort of VLBW(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the spectrum of hospitalization and rehospitalization among very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 gm) infants with severe chronic lung disease during the first 2 years of life. POPULATION All 124 VLBW infants admitted to our center from October 1988 to September 1990 who were oxygen and ventilator dependent at 21 days of age. One hundred(More)
We sought to examine the effect of the introduction of dexamethasone therapy on health, growth, and neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 20 months of age. We compared outcomes in all 86 VLBW infants (mean birth weight 871 gm, mean gestational age 26.4 weeks) who were ventilator dependent on day 21 of life during the 2 years(More)
This study examines the competing risk of cognitive impairment, mortality and study attrition over a three year period within a national probability sample of Japanese elderly (n = 1506). Younger age and fewer chronic conditions were related to recovery, while older age, being married, poorer self-rated health and depression were related to mortality.(More)
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