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Insight into the genetic control of the identity of specific regions along the body axis of vertebrates has resulted primarily from the study of vertebrate homologues of regulatory genes operating in the Drosophila trunk, but little is known about the development of most anterior regions of the body either in flies or vertebrates. Three Drosophila genes(More)
In this paper we study Xotx2, a Xenopus homeobox gene related to orthodenticle, a gene expressed in the developing head of Drosophila. The murine cognate, Otx2, is first expressed in the entire epiblast of prestreak embryos and later in very anterior regions of late-gastrulae, including the neuroectoderm of presumptive fore- and mid-brain. In Xenopus, RNase(More)
We cloned two homeobox genes, Emx1 and Emx2, related to empty spiracles, a gene expressed in very anterior body regions during early Drosophila embryogenesis, and studied their expression in mouse embryos. Emx1 expression is detectable from day 9.5 of gestation whereas Emx2 appears to be already expressed in 8.5 day embryos. Both genes are expressed in the(More)
The vertebrate hindbrain develops in a segmental pattern, with distinctive groups of neurons originating from different segments. We report here that members of the Hox-2 cluster of murine homoeobox genes are expressed in segment-specific patterns in the developing hindbrain, with successive genes having boundaries at two-segment intervals. These data(More)
We studied the expression of two vertebrate homeobox genes, Otx1 and Otx2, related to orthodenticle, a gene expressed in the developing head of Drosophila. Both genes are expressed in restricted regions of the developing rostral brain including the presumptive cerebral cortex and olfactory bulbs. The expression patterns of the two genes in diencephalon(More)
Emx 1 and 2 are the murine homologues of the Drosophila empty spiracles gene and based on their expression pattern may be involved in the regional specification of the mammalian forebrain. During early embryogenesis, Emx2 is expressed in the presumptive cerebral cortex and olfactory bulbs and later, in the hippocampus proper and dentate gyrus. The latter(More)
The specification of area identities in the cerebral cortex is a complex process, primed by intrinsic cortical cues and refined after the arrival of afferent fibers from the thalamus. Little is known about the genetic control of the early steps of this process, but the distinctive expression pattern of the homeogene Emx2 in the developing cortex has(More)
It has recently been demonstrated that the transcription factor genes Emx2 and Pax6, expressed in the developing cerebral cortex along two complementary tangential gradients, are essential for the shaping of the cortical areal profile at late developmental ages, when cortical neuronogenesis is almost completed. In this study we addressed the question of(More)
The homeobox gene Otx2 is expressed in the anterior neural tube with a sharp limit at the midbrain/hindbrain junction (the isthmic organizer). Otx2 inactivation experiments have shown that this gene is essential for the development of its expression domain. Here we investigate whether the caudal limit of Otx2 expression is instrumental in positioning the(More)
We cloned the chick homologue of the mouse Otx2 gene, c-otx2, and analyzed its expression pattern during gastrulation. During mouse embryogenesis, Otx2 expression is first detected in the entire epiblast and after the formation of the primitive streak becomes confined to the most anterior region of the embryo corresponding to presumptive fore- and(More)