E Boisvieux-Ulrich

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Aspergillus fumigatus is the most prevalent airborne fungal pathogen responsible for fatal invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. Upon arrival in the lung alveolus, conidia of A. fumigatus are phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages, the major phagocytic cells of the lung. Engulfment and intracellular trafficking of A. fumigatus conidia in(More)
Ciliated cells are characterized by a highly organized cytoskeleton which is connected with the ciliary apparatus. The organization of microtubules, microfilaments, and cytokeratin filaments is described and the relationships of each network with the ciliary apparatus are emphasized. Possible functions of such a complex cytoskeleton are discussed.
The internalization of conidia of the opportunistic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus by primary cell cultures of nonprofessional phagocytes was investigated. This study is the first to show that A. fumigatus conidia were able to be engulfed by tracheal epithelial, alveolar type II, and endothelial cells.
When induced by in vivo oestrogen stimulation, ciliogenesis continues in culture in vitro of quail oviduct implants. Ultrastructure of ciliogenic cells was compared after culture for 24 or 48 h in the presence or absence of 10(-5) M-taxol. Taxol, which promotes polymerization and stabilization of microtubules, disturbed ciliogenesis, but formation of basal(More)
Using filipin as a probe for the presence of membrane cholesterol, the evolution of cholesterol distribution in the apical plasma membrane was studied during estrogen-induced ciliogenesis in quail oviduct and compared with the distribution of intramembrane particles (IMPs). Ciliary growth is preceded by the first step of microvillus differentiation.(More)
The different steps of ciliogenesis occurring in quail oviduct were compared to the ciliogenesis pattern described in other metazoan species. Centrioles are generated according to pathways that are found within the same cell: the centriolar and the acentriolar pathways. In the acentriolar pathway, centrioles are generated in the Golgi area, without contact(More)
In quail oviduct epithelium, as in all metazoan and protozoan ciliated cells, cilia beat in a coordinated cycle. They are arranged in a polarized pattern oriented according to the anteroposterior axis of the oviduct and are most likely responsible for transport of the ovum and egg white proteins from the infundibulum toward the uterus. Orientation of(More)
In the present study we have investigated the effects of transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta 1) on rabbit tracheal epithelial cells in primary culture, with respect to cell proliferation and differentiation. Epithelial tracheal cells derived from an explant plated on an extracellular matrix, formed an outgrowth resulting from cell division and cell(More)
The diversity of microtubular networks was analyzed in quail oviduct and in Paramecium cells using conventional and confocal immunofluorescence as well as pre- and post-embedding EM immunocytochemistry with a variety of anti-tubulin antibodies. The 6-11B-1 monoclonal antibody, specific for the post-translational acetylation of Lys 40 of alpha-tubulin, and a(More)
Oviduct implants from quails which were primarily stimulated in vivo by estrogen so as to induce ciliogenesis in some epithelial cells were cultured in vitro in the presence or absence of colchicine or nocodazole. After 24 or 48 hr of culture, implants were examined by transmission and scanning electron microscopy to determine drug-induced alterations in(More)