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The antiviral photosensitization capacity of 11 different phthalocyanine (Pc) derivatives was examined using herpes simplex virus-1, herpes simplex virus-2 and varicella zoster virus in the search for the most potent sensitizers for viral decontamination of blood. The kinetics of viral photoinactivation were resolved during the stages of viral adsorption(More)
When a dilute F- solution was added to a culture of Chinese hamster cells that had been preincubated with an aluminium phthalocyanine sensitizer derived from AlPcCl, the photosensitivity of the cells was markedly reduced compared to control cells not treated with F-. Under the same treatment conditions, the reduction in [3H]thymidine incorporation into(More)
The photodynamic inactivation of retroviruses was investigated using aluminium and zinc phthalocyanine (Pc) derivatives. The N2 retrovirus packaged in either of the two murine cell lines, Psi2 and PA317, was used as a model for enveloped viruses. AlPc derivatives were found to be more effective photodynamically for inactivation of the viruses than the(More)
Fluence-dependent changes in the fluorescence of aluminium phthalocyanine (AlPc) were measured in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using digital fluorescence microscopy of single cells and spectrofluorimetry of cell suspensions. During illumination the fluorescence initially increased and later progressively decreased. In the presence of fluoride, which(More)
Phthalocyanines are photosensitizers evaluated for use in photodynamic therapy of cancer. As such, the dependence of the bioresponse on the light fluence rate may be of clinical importance. The effect of the fluence rate of white light from 0.165 to 3.3 kJ m-2 min-1 was studied in Chinese hamster cells and human lymphocytes, using as endpoints(More)