OBJECTIVE To investigate the cognitive profile of first degree relatives of patients with familial Parkinson's disease to determine whether these subjects presented signs of neuropsychological dysfunction compared with healthy controls. Results of recent genetic and neuroimaging studies suggest a genetic contribution to the aetiology of Parkinson's disease… (More)
Some studies have demonstrated that the motor symptomatology in sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease was identical. From a physiopathological point of view, and perhaps in the future from a therapeutic point of view, it seems important to determine whether sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease are also similar with regard to cognitive impairment.… (More)
We present 11 families consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance of probable Parkinson's disease (PD). Although excluded as a cause of disease in these kindreds, mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene have been implicated in familial PD. The beta-synuclein gene is highly homologous, expressed in the nervous system and thus is a good candidate gene for… (More)
alpha-Synuclein is present in Lewy bodies of patients with both sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease. However, pathogenic mutations Ala30Pro and Ala53Thr in alpha-synuclein are rare causes of disease. Synphilin-1 has been demonstrated to associate with alpha-synuclein and promote the formation of cytosolic inclusions in vitro. Two-point genetic linkage… (More)
The persyn (gamma-synuclein) gene is highly homologous to the alpha-synuclein gene and is highly expressed in the nervous system. It is therefore, an excellent candidate gene for Parkinson's disease. However, we have sequenced the gene in a large number of families with parkinsonism and failed to find pathogenic mutations.