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PURPOSE A direct approach to the question of whether prostate tumors have an atypically high sensitivity to fractionation (low alpha/beta ratio), more typical of the surrounding late-responding normal tissue. METHODS AND MATERIALS Earlier estimates of alpha/beta for prostate cancer have relied on comparing results from external beam radiotherapy (EBRT)(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the computed tomography, conformal irradiation, and treatment planning capabilities of a small animal radiation research platform (SARRP). METHODS AND MATERIALS The SARRP uses a dual-focal spot, constant voltage X-ray source mounted on a gantry with a source-to-isocenter distance of 35 cm. Gantry rotation is limited to 120 degrees(More)
Ultrasound, used to generate local tumor hyperthermia, was combined with radiation therapy in a pilot study to determine efficacy and toxicity of this combined-modality therapy. Twenty-one lesions in eighteen patients were treated at graded doses from 2400-4000 rads (24-40 Gy) with ultrasonic hyperthermia administered immediately prior to irradiation at(More)
PURPOSE To overcome radioresistance for patients with unfavorable prostate cancer, a prospective trial of pelvic external beam irradiation (EBRT) interdigitated with dose-escalating conformal high-dose-rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy was performed. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between November 1991 and August 2000, 207 patients were treated with 46 Gy pelvic(More)
The cytotoxic effects of short duration, high temperature, and long duration, low temperature hyperthermia were determined in human cells growing in culture. The human tumor cell lines A549 (lung carcinoma), WiDr (colon carcinoma), and U87MG (glioblastoma) were used. In addition, a normal human lung fibroblast cell type 18Lu was used. Sensitivity to direct(More)
PURPOSE Optimization of prostate brachytherapy is constrained by tissue deflection of needles and fixed spacing of template holes. We developed and clinically tested a robotic guide toward the goal of allowing greater freedom of needle placement. METHODS AND MATERIALS The robot consists of a small tubular needle guide attached to a robotically controlled(More)
PURPOSE Clinical protocols utilizing pulsed low dose rate brachytherapy (PDR) to replace traditional continuous low dose rate brachytherapy (CLDR) employ irradiation in individual pulses given at intervals of a few hours. A critical factor in determining whether PDR will produce equivalent or greater late-occurring normal tissue toxicity is the dose per(More)
PURPOSE Data were analyzed from recent experiments with the end point of late rectal obstruction in rats, involving acute and various protracted radiation exposures. Because the end point is of direct relevance both for brachytherapy as well as external beam radiotherapy, the goal was to estimate the linear-quadratic (LQ) parameters alpha/beta and T1/2,(More)
We have developed a novel system for examining the possible contribution of small heat shock proteins (hsp) to tumor growth. L929 fibrosarcoma cells, which do not express significant levels of endogenous hsp25, were stably transfected with either murine hsp25 or human hsp27. Both transfected genes were over-expressed and the respective proteins were(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies have suggested radiosensitizing effects of paclitaxel, a microtubular inhibitor. To test the universality of this finding, the interaction between paclitaxel and radiation treatment of cell lines derived from three common human carcinomas MCF-7 (breast cancer); DUT-145 (prostate cancer); and HT-29 (colon cancer) was(More)