E. Armour

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Intra-operative guidance in Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate brachytherapy requires localization of inserted radioactive seeds relative to the prostate. Seeds were reconstructed using a typical C-arm, and exported to a commercial brachytherapy system for dosimetry analysis. Technical obstacles for 3D reconstruction on a non-isocentric C-arm(More)
PURPOSE Optimization of prostate brachytherapy is constrained by tissue deflection of needles and fixed spacing of template holes. We developed and clinically tested a robotic guide toward the goal of allowing greater freedom of needle placement. METHODS AND MATERIALS The robot consists of a small tubular needle guide attached to a robotically controlled(More)
PURPOSE Brachytherapy (radioactive seed insertion) has emerged as one of the most effective treatment options for patients with prostate cancer, with the added benefit of a convenient outpatient procedure. The main limitation in contemporary brachytherapy is faulty seed placement, predominantly due to the presence of intra-operative edema (tissue(More)
The cytotoxic effects of short duration, high temperature, and long duration, low temperature hyperthermia were determined in human cells growing in culture. The human tumor cell lines A549 (lung carcinoma). VV'iDr(colon carcinoma), and U87MG (glioblastoma) were used. In addi tion, a normal human lung fibroblast cell type 18Lu was used. Sensitivity to(More)
Purpose: Brachytherapy (radioactive seed insertion) has emerged as one of the most effective treatment options for patients with prostate cancer, with the added benefit of a convenient outpatient procedure. The main limitation in contemporary brachytherapy is faulty seed placement, predominantly due to the presence of intra-operative edema (tissue(More)
Purpose. To assess for differences in clinical, radiologic, and pathologic outcomes between patients with stage II-III rectal adenocarcinoma treated neoadjuvantly with conventional external beam radiotherapy (3D conformal radiotherapy (3DRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)) versus high-dose-rate endorectal brachytherapy (EBT). Methods. Patients(More)
The present report describes an animal model for examining the effects of radiation on a range of neurocognitive functions in rodents that are similar to a number of basic human cognitive functions. Fourteen male Long-Evans rats were trained to perform an automated intra-dimensional set shifting task that consisted of their learning a basic discrimination(More)
High-dose-rate intraoperative radiation therapy (HDR-IORT) has historically provided effective local control (LC) for patients with unresectable and recurrent tumors. However, IORT is limited to only a few specialized institutions and it can be difficult to initiate an HDR-IORT program. Herein, we provide a brief overview on how to initiate and implement an(More)
We report the fabrication of double heterojunction bipolar transistors (DHBTs) with the use of a new quaternary InGaAsN material system that takes advantage of a low energy band gap in the base to reduce operating voltages in GaAs-based electronic devices. InGaP/In/sub 0.03/Ga/sub 0.97/As/sub 0.99/N/sub 0.01//GaAs DHBTs with improved band gap engineering at(More)
The effect of heat on the density of cell surface histocompatibility antigens was examined. Antigen density and distribution were determined by radioimmunoassay and flow cytometry after the binding of radioiodinated or fluoresceinated monoclonal antibody (anti-H-2Kk and anti-H-2Kb) to murine lymphoma cells in suspension cultures. Antibody binding was(More)
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