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PURPOSE To evaluate the dose-time dependences of structural changes occurring in collagen within 24 hours to three months after gamma-irradiation at doses from 2-40 Gy in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat's tail tendon was chosen as in vivo model, with its highly ordered collagen structure allowing the changes to be interpreted unambiguously. Macromolecular(More)
Semiconductor quantum dots (QD) have been widely used for fluorescent bioimaging. However their biosafety has attracted increasing attention, since the data about their in vivo behavior in biological systems are still limited. In this paper we have investigated the short- and long-term biodistribution of intact fluorescent CdSe/CdS/ZnS QD coated by(More)
Monte Carlo method is applied for simulation of 2D optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of skin-like model. Layer boundaries in skin model feature curved shape which agrees with physiological structure of human skin. The effect of coherence properties of probing radiation on OCT image formation and speckles in the detected OCT signal is considered. The(More)
A numerical algorithm based on a small-angle approximation of the radiative transfer equation (RTE) is developed to reconstruct scattering characteristics of biological tissues from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. According to the algorithm, biological tissue is considered to be a layered random medium with a set of scattering parameters in each(More)
Context. The radio quasar 3C 454.3 underwent an exceptional optical outburst lasting more than 1 year and culminating in spring 2005. The maximum brightness detected was R = 12.0, which represents the most luminous quasar state thus far observed (MB ∼ −31.4). Aims. In order to follow the emission behaviour of the source in detail, a large multiwavelength(More)
Large-scale and cost-effective manufacturing of ceramic micro devices based on tape stacking requires the development of inspection systems to perform high-resolution in-process quality control of embedded manufactured cavities, metal structures and defects. With an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system operating at 1.3 μm and a dedicated automated line(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising tool for detecting micro channels, metal prints, defects and delaminations embedded in alumina and zirconia ceramic layers at hundreds of micrometers beneath surfaces. The effect of surface roughness and scattering of probing radiation within sample on OCT inspection is analyzed from the experimental and(More)
The reactions of agostic (CH3···Rh) complexes [3-{(1-3-η(3))-1,1,2-trimethylallyl}-1-R-2-R'-closo-3,1,2-RhC2B9H9] [1: R = R' = Me; 2: R,R' = μ-(ortho-xylylene); 3: R = Ph, R' = Me] in a cooled (+5 °C) toluene solution with the strong non-nucleophilic base N,N,N',N'-tetramethylnaphthalene-1,8-diamine (tmnd) formally involve a linear coupling of the π-allyl(More)
The speckle pattern of an optical coherence tomography (OCT) image carries potentially useful sample information that may assist in tissue characterization. Recent biomedical results in vivo indicate that the distribution of signal intensities within an OCT tissue image is well described by a log-normal-like (Gamma) function. To fully understand and exploit(More)