E. A. Martynova

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This paper reviews evidence for the immune-enhancing effects of prebiotics. The influence of inulin and oligofructose on the immune functions and the structure of immune peripheral organs in male Wistar rats was investigated after 4 months feeding. Rats fed isocaloric purified diets contained 10% inulin or oligofructose. The rats of control group had no(More)
Intracellular cysteine aspartate-specific proteases (caspases) play both signaling and effector roles in realizing the program of cell death. Caspases function as proteolytic cascades unique for each cell type and signal triggering apoptosis. All parts of the proteolytic cascades are duplicated and controlled by feedback signals. Amplification cycles(More)
Aim of work was to compare the chemical and biological properties of starches modified by adipinic acid acetylation. Starches in question were: native maize starch "Novation 4600"; acetylated adipat di-starch of the cold swelling "Prejeflo CH 20"; acetylated adipat di-starch of the cold swelling "Prejeflo CH 40"; acetylated adipat di-starch of the hot(More)
Modified maize starches having differences in the number of crosscut lacings in the structure, and in the abilities to be gelatinized in the cold water were used: native maize starch "Novation 4600", acetylated adipat di-starch of the cold swelling "Prejeflo CH 20", acetylated adipat di-starch of the cold swelling "Prejeflo CH 40", acetylated adipat(More)
Modified and resistant starches regulate the colon microbiota metabolism and gene expression. This adaptive response allows bacteria to obtain the new enzymes to metabolize the unusual substrates. The potato starches modify the colon residential microorganisms. It was a reason the study the influence of the modified and resistant potato starches on the E.(More)
We compared the effects of maize and potato starch on Wistar rats. The level of oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation increased in thymic and splenic cells of animals receiving potato starch. The expression of Fas/CD95/Apo-1 apoptosis receptor in lymphocytes and their response to exogenous ceramide was also higher in rats receiving potato starch compared to(More)
Different absorbtion level is inherent capacities for natural, resistant and hydrolized starches to regulate a volume of non-hydrolyzed starches in colon. This regulates an interaction with intestinal microflora to produce the short chain fatty acids and other bio-active compounds. The T- and B-lymphocyte receptors are targets for starches to disrupt the(More)
Opioid peptides are located not only in structures of the CNS but also at the periphery. Endogenous opioid are found in sympathetic ganglia, the adrenal medulla, and sympathetic nerve endings in the heart and blood vessels [6~ 93 13]. In intact animals agonists of opiate receptors may have a variety of effects on the cardiovascular system through their(More)
An epidemic outbreak of Sonne dysentery has been studied. The data of epidemiological monitoring before and after the epidemic have been analyzed. The real prognostication value of controlling the biological properties of Shigella sonnei and the increase of their intrapopulation heterogeneity at the period of the activation of the epidemic process of Sonne(More)
Energy-proteolysis is the integral part of cell protein turnover Proteolysis controls the quality of protein post-translational modification, folding as well as the structural and functional cell activities. Several proteolytic systems including 26S proteasomes participate in the cell protein degradation. Human diet regulates the rate of protein turnover.(More)