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Does the poorer performance of older people in laboratory tests of episodic memory result from metamemory problems? Memory of 20 young and 20 old adults for 60 "unrelated" paired associates was measured by an associative matching task. Two metamemory measures also were taken: Each pair was rated at the time of study for the likelihood that the person would(More)
Two experiments examined the accuracy with which college students were able to touch a target when knowledge of the target location had been gained either visually, kinesthetically, or by both modalities. In all but "baseline" trials, individuals were not allowed to guide the hand visually and so relied on kinesthetic cues during movement to the target(More)
Verbal free association responses were elicited to 56 single-word stimuli and 30 triads of conceptually related words from 95 older adults (52 to 90 years) and 31 younger adults (23 to 49). For single words, the distribution of paradigmatic and syntagmatic associations was similar for the older and younger samples; multiple regression analysis indicated(More)
This study examined the accuracy with which 20 young (18 to 24 yr.) and 32 old (55 to 85 yr.) adults were able to move their hands when not allowed to guide them visually. They tried to touch a target spot given either visually or kinesthetically, under conditions in which the target either remained present during the response or was discontinued prior to(More)
Three experiments examined the role of vision in locating a brief sound (2-sec. speech noise) from an unseen source in the horizontal left front quadrant. The head could be freely moved. Subjects could point to the sound location more accurately with eyes open. However, since in a second study the accuracy of pointing a finger was poorer than for aiming(More)
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